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Technical Paper

Prediction of Occupant's Thermal Sensation under the Transient Environment in a Vehicle Compartment

2001-03-05
2001-01-0586
New numerical simulation system and experimental evaluation system has been developed to predict and evaluate occupant's thermal sensation in a passenger compartment in which environment is not steady and not uniform. Transitional effective temperature, which is new index of thermal sensation, is proposed and verified to correspond with subjects' thermal sensation votes. The simulation system has two advantage beside the prediction of thermal sensation; automatic generation of a computational model and coupling analysis of temperature including an analysis of temperature distribution inside a cabin, refrigerating cycle, solar radiation, and so on. It was verified that this system well predicts occupant's thermal sensation in a short time.
Technical Paper

A New Approach to Vehicle Interior Control

1991-02-01
910472
In order to meet increasing demands for safety and comfort in a vehicle compartment, automatic adjustment of seat, mirrors, steering wheel has been developed. The multiplex wiring system was constructed for the automatic adjustment of the cockpit elements to drivers preferred positions or to physique-matched settings based on ergonomic data. This paper describes the construction of the multiplex system and functions of automatic adjustment of the cockpit elements for comfortable driving position and better visibility.
Technical Paper

Control Method of Autonomous Vehicle Considering Compatibility of Riding Comfort and Vehicle Controllability

1990-08-01
901486
This paper describes a control strategy for autonomous vehicles in an intelligent vehicle/highway system. The control concept aims at the compatibility of passenger riding comfort and vehicle controllability. The main subject of this paper is lateral control of vehicles. In order to analyze riding comfort, we have experimented on the lateral riding comfort during a lane change. It was found that the riding comfort is mainly related to the jerk more than the acceleration, and that the trajectory pattern is important. According to the experimental results, a motion control system was designed. We found through the computer simulation and the experiment with an autonomous test vehicle that comfortable ride is realized along with system stability. Lastly, in order to apply this strategy to the longitudinal direction, we have experimented on the longitudinal acceleration with the test vehicle. The results shows that the same strategy is applicable to the longitudinal direction.
Technical Paper

A Study on Adaptive Automatic Transmission Control

1992-06-07
925223
Various parameters for the shift scheduling of an automatic transmission were examined to detect more accurate road conditions, vehicle running conditions, and the driver's intention. The parameters include the vehicle speed, the gradient of a road, an index to curves in the road, and so on. The fuzzy logic was employed to incorporate these parameters into the shift scheduling control. The vehicle running tests have shown that the use of many parameters and the fuzzy logic was effective on reducing the frequencies of the transmission gear shift and the driver's brake operation in such road conditions as usually seen in mountainous areas
Technical Paper

Sound Quality Evaluation of Passenger Vehicle Interior Noise

1993-05-01
931347
Objective measures to evaluate sound quality are important for proper sound design and noise improvement. In this paper, the objective measures of interior noise of passenger vehicle, which is operated at constant engine revolution speed, are discussed. Subjective evaluation test of the interior noise was done using the semantic differential method. By applying factor analysts to the subjective evaluation scores, three important factors of the sound quality were extracted, i.e. comfortable, powerful and booming factors. Each factor was correlated with various physical values, for example octave band levels. Furthermore, the data is analyzed by multiple linear regression analysis with stepwise variable selection, of the each factor scores against the various physical values. Finally, an objective measure to evaluate each of these factors was conducted using the combination of simple physical values. Each of these measures was good correlation with each of the subjective evaluations.
Technical Paper

Driver's Cognition in Peripheral Field of View

1993-11-01
931876
This paper concerns driver's burden for visual information processing in which his central vision is coupled with his peripheral one. A visual driving simulator was applied to the first step of the study, where driver's responses to both central and peripheral tasks were simultaneously investigated. The series of test indicate that the driver's responsiveness to the central and peripheral tasks could define the whole burden for visual information processing. Therefore, it appears that the responsiveness to the peripheral vision could be more or less compromised to support the central one.
Technical Paper

Reduction in Arousal Level of a Driver

1992-09-01
922084
One of the leading causes of traffic accidents is the reduction of driver's arousal level. Only a driver with an appropriate arousal level can drive an automobile properly. The purpose of this research is to find the possibility of quantifying the reduction of this arousal level. Two methods are used to quantify the reduction in arousal level: one is related to the driver's behavior, and the other is related to his physiological status. The characteristics of controlling the steering wheel are used as indicators of the driver's behavior, which represents the status of information processing in the brain. The variation of heart rate is used as an indicator of physiological status, which could directly represent arousal level related to drowsiness. Eight male and two female drivers participate both in on-the-road tests for the characteristics of controlling the steering wheel and in a test with a driving simulator for the heart rate variation.
Technical Paper

The Influence of Tire Deformation on Ride Comfort of a Truck

1990-10-01
902268
When truck tires have a deformation such as radial runout, flat spot, and abnormal wear as a result of panic braking, they affect vehicle vibration in the form of displacement input whose spectrum involves higher order terms of tire revolution. While a truck has vibration modes of frame bending as well as pitching and unsprung-mass viberation in the input frequency range, the tire displacement input induces vehicle vibration as a combination of these modes. Results of calculations and experiments of a 4x2 medium-duty truck are analyzed and an example of means for improving ride comfort is described in this paper.
Technical Paper

Active Control for Body Vibration of F.W.D. Car

1986-03-01
860552
A Vehicle Vibration Control System by Active Control has been developed. The experimental results using a 4-cylinder gasoline engine installed in a car showed that at the position of the driver's seat, the acceleration of the vibration was reduced by 16 dB. This system operates stably and at low cost because of having a feedforward system, so many applications can be expected in the near future as methods for vehicle vibration reduction.
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