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Technical Paper

Effects of Shot Peening and Grinding on Gear Strength

1994-03-01
940729
In recent year, higher strength for truck and bus transmission gear has become necessary. For the transmission gears, carburized gears have generally been used. We have examined the effects of shot peening and grinding using a CBN grindstone on the pitting strength and the bending fatigue strength of a carburized gear, and further evaluated a material which reduces the structual anomalies produced during carburization. As a result, it has been found that shot peening or CBN grinding is more effective for improving both pitting strength and bending fatigue strength than improving the material composition. Therefore, it is evident that residual compressive stress caused by shot peening or CBN grinding suppresses the propagation of cracks.
Technical Paper

Development of Austempered Ductile Iron Timing Gears

1997-11-17
973253
Austempered ductile iron (ADI) is a material having excellent mechanical properties and damping capacity. However practical mass production of ADI gears has not been possible due to ADI's poor machinability and distortion during the austempering heat treatment. With a new process method of carrying out hobbing before austempering when the material is in its soft condition, then austempering it and lastly, conducting the shave finishing process, we have diminished the above defects and developed practical ADI gears. These new gears generate less noise than ordinary nitrocarburized steel gears and are superior in pitting resistance.
Technical Paper

Application of Micro-Alloyed Steel to Diesel Engine Parts for Trucks and Buses

1989-02-01
890137
Applying micro-alloyed steel as a cost-effective method of forging engine parts eliminates quench and temper processes and saves energy. We have expanded this application to timing gears and crankshafts by changing the connecting rod material to carbon steel and vanadium, applied at the outset. Then, micro-alloyed steel treated with a soft nitriding process was used. Our recent studies have been focused on materials which exhibit both higher tensile strength and better machinability. This paper describes the results of applying different types of micro-alloyed steel to those engine parts.
Technical Paper

Reduction of Spiral Bevel Gear Noise in 4-Wheel Drive Vehicle Transfer System

1992-09-01
922109
Mitsubishi Motors Corporation uses spiral bevel gears in the transfer system for 4-wheel drive passenger cars modified from the front wheel drive configuration. This transfer gear ratio is near 1:1, and gears have uniform depth teeth cutting by the continuous generating method of OERLIKON cutting machine. In this method, the cutter and the work rotations are timed together to accomplish continuous indexing and cutting in order to enable high productivity. In general, it is difficult to reduce the meshing noise of spiral bevel gears and control its quality. The authors established the tooth surface coordinates, to reduce the meshing noise, by studying the influence of tooth surface coordinates on the meshing transmission error (MTE).
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