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Technical Paper

Performace Comparison of HFC-134a and CFC-12 in a Heavy Truck Air Conditioning System

1990-10-01
902261
This paper reviews vehicular wind tunnel tests performed on a heavy truck air conditioning system utilizing refrigerants HFC-134a and CFC-12 with various condensers. Refrigerant type was found to have little effect on system temperatures but considerable effect on system pressures. Condenser design was able to compensate for the increased pressures induced by HFC-134a. Condenser design also affected refrigerant charge weights of both refrigerants. Refrigerant charge weights are important today because of limited supplies of CFCs, and will be important in the future when more costly HFC-134a becomes the standard refrigerant. Structural durability of the compact, lightweight PF® condenser was found to be acceptable for heavy truck applications. REVISIONS RECENTLY MADE to the Montreal Protocol by its signatory nations have shortened the timetable for phaseout of ozone-depleting compounds.
Technical Paper

Development of a Mobile HVAC System for Operation with Engine Off

2004-10-26
2004-01-2626
The desire to reduce environmental damage and conserve fossil fuels, as well as current and pending legislation, highlights the need for a truck air conditioner that can be operated when the truck engine is off. Different solutions to this problem have been suggested but the most viable seems to be an electrically driven vapor compression unit. Because of the lack of electrical power when the truck is not running, a practical A/C system must be energy efficient. After a number of studies and tests, a control algorithm to economically match cooling requirements to system capacities has been developed and is under test.
Technical Paper

Evaluation of the Multiple Reference Frame (MRF) Model in a Truck Fan Simulation

2005-05-10
2005-01-2067
A multiple reference frame (MRF) model was developed by Gosman [1] for the prediction of flow fields induced by impellers in mixing vessels. The simulation results using this approach agree with the test data reasonably well if certain conditions exist. Many CFD engineers have adopted this approach to simulate the fan performance for automotive powertrain cooling simulations [4]. This paper describes the authors' experience using the MRF model in truck fan simulations. For the fan performance studies with a plate shroud, CFD simulation results with different sizes of rotating zones were compared with the test data. Very good agreement between the CFD simulation and the test data with plate shroud can be achieved if a properly sized rotating zone is selected. For the fan performance studies with a real shroud, a simple piece of plywood was used to mimic the engine blockage and the MRF model with one fixed-size rotation zone was used for the CFD simulation.
Technical Paper

Heavy Truck Cooling Systems

1990-02-26
900001
In 1967, Mr. P. Beatenbough presented the Thirteenth L. Ray Buckendale Lecture. The subject of his presentation was Engine Cooling Systems for Motor Trucks. In the twenty three years that have elapsed since that paper was presented, many significant advances have occurred in the field of engine cooling. This paper will explore those developments as well as discuss the functional issues involved in heavy truck cooling system design. Fundamental engineering concepts will be presented as well as simple conceptual models. Broad directions are suggested.
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