New Particulate Matter Sensor for On Board Diagnosis
The reduction of greenhouse gas is becoming increasingly important for humankind, and vehicles with low CO₂ emissions have a part to play in any reduction initiatives. Diesel engines emit 30% less CO₂ than gasoline engines, so diesel engines will make an important contribution to the overall decrease. Unfortunately diesel exhaust gas contains particulate matter (PM) which may cause health problems, and such PM emissions are regulated by law. In order to reduce PM, especially soot, diesel particulate filters (DPFs) are widely fitted to diesel vehicles. A DPF can remove more than 99% by weight of soot from exhaust gas under normal operating conditions, and they are one of the most important methods to achieve any regulation targets. But if the system malfunctions, the PM emissions may exceed the regulation limit. To detect such PM leakage, on-board diagnostics (OBD) are required.