Fuel Consumption Improvement and Operation Range Expansion in HCCI by Direct Water Injection
HCCI (Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition) combustion results in very low NOx emissions, however, it is not without problems. One of them is that the heavy load operation range is limited by knock, due to an exceptionally high heat release rate. Knock increases the heat loss to the cylinder walls and piston, reducing thermal efficiency. To help solve these problems, direct (in-cylinder) water injection has been suggested to lower the local temperatures that seem to cause knock in HCCI. Water injection was adapted in an HCCI engine fueled with DME and Propane. Results showed that the indicated thermal efficiency was improved by about 2% (λ = 3.0, NA), and the operation range was expanded from 460kPa to 700kPa (NA) maintaining a low NOx level.