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Technical Paper

State-of-the-Art Copper/Brass Radiator at Nippondenso Part 2. High Corrosion Resistive Fin for New Radiator

As a part of a project to develop high performance, compact and lightweight vehicle radiators, a highly corrosion resistive fin has been developed, especially for use in the salt-laden environment. It is a thin plate with a mutual diffusion layer of Cu-Zn formed on either surface. Owing to this composite structure, not only the corrosion resistance is double that of Cu-Sn alloy fins that are currently in use with a thickness over 20% smaller than the latter (38 μm vs 50 μm), but the corrosion of the bonding solder has been reduced to one half because the Cu-Zn diffused layer has brought about substantial reduction in the fin's surface potential.
Technical Paper

Development of Pitting Corrosion Resistant Condenser with Zinc-Arc-Spray Extruded Multi-Cavity Tubing

We have developed a highly corrosion-resistant serpentine type condenser which is characterized by its manufacturing process that zinc is coated on the surface of a multi-cavity extruded tubing at the rate of 5-20 g/m2 by arc spray, and then, thus prepared tubing and corrugated fin stocks are brazed by the conventional Nocolok brazing process (Herein after this is referred to as ZAS NB process). By this brazing process as well as conventional flux brazing (FB) process, a highly pitting corrosion-resistant zinc diffusion layer is formed on the surface of the tubing at the time when brazing is operating. This newly developed method achieved improvements in productivity and quality of product.
Technical Paper

Development of Corrosion Resistant Brazing Sheet for Drawn Cup Type Evaporators Part 2: Application to Evaporator

A highly corrosion resistant drawn cup type evaporator was developed. During the development of this evaporator, the corrosion characteristics of evaporators in the field were examined in detail. Profound understanding of the corrosion mechanism led to the development of a new, unique, corrosion test method which simulates the actual evaporator field service environment. The main factors involved in increasing the corrosion resistance of the brazing sheet are (1) reduction of iron and silicon content in the core alloy and, (2) addition of titanium to the core alloy. In the present alloy, titanium content varies lamellarly through the thickness of the core alloy. Regions of high titanium content have a more cathodic potential, thus causing corrosion to proceed along the low titanium content lamellae. Consequently, the reduced iron and silicon contents, and the titanium addition, have the net effect of reducing the pitting corrosion rate.
Technical Paper

Development of Corrosion Resistant Brazing Sheet for Drawn Cup Type Evaporators Part I: Alloy Development

Extensive work was conducted to develop a corrosion resistant brazing sheet alloy and to apply it to a drawn cup type evaporator in automotive air conditioning system. The items to be investigated included the influence of chemical composition of the core alloy on corrosion resistance, suppression of erosion during the brazing cycle, and enhancement of the brazing sheet formability. Additional investigation was conducted to develop a new corrosion test method on the basis of better understanding of the mechanism of corrosion in the field and to evaluate the corrosion resistance of a evaporator fabricated from the new alloy. This paper, as Part 1, describes the results of alloy development from the metallurgical and electrochemical point of view.