Analysis of Dry Cylinder Liner Behavior During Engine Operation
Engine manufactures are continuing to develop new engine designs that provide higher power output, lower fuel consumption and lower engine weight. In order to achieve significant engine weight reduction, the light weight cylinder block structure employs dry cylinder liners rather than wet cylinder liners. The cast iron dry liner structure is utilized because of the superior wear and scuff resistance of the cast iron. Thin wall dry cast iron liners are being employed in both gasoline and diesel engines. Dry cylinder liners with wall thickness of 1.5mm are in production for Japanese automotive diesel engines. In the case of the dry thin wall cast iron liners, two(2) design configurations are employed: Loose-fit type having a specified clearance between the outer liner surface and the cylinder bore surface. Press-in type having an interference fit between the outer surface of liner and the cylinder bore surface.