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Technical Paper

An Analysis of Induction Port Fuel Behavior

Since the fuel supply specifications in a multi-point injection (MPI) system are usually determined experimentaly, the way fuel behaves in the induction port is still not clearly understood. In this study, a fuel behavior model is developed to gain a better understanding of how fuel behaves in the induction port so that the best fuel supply specifications can be determined on the basis of analysis. This paper outlines a model of fuel spray and wall film and presents some typical calculation results. Taking into account fuel properties, the vapor, the flow and other characteristics of fuel in the induction port are calculated using these models. A comparison of the calculated results with experimental data confirms the validity of the model. The calculated results show the effects of the fuel propeties and fuel supply system specifications on induction port fuel behavior.
Technical Paper

A Study of the Power Transfer Systems for HEVs

A key factor influencing the performance of a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is how the engine and motor-generator (MG) are combined with the vehicle. There have been several types of combinations such as power transfer by using the mechanical transmission of conventional vehicles or the electrical transmission originally designed for HEVs. The objectives of this research were to clarify fuel economy characteristics according to the type of power transfer system used and to identify the requirements for MG system development by analyzing MG operation conditions in each power transfer mode. HEV systems for passenger car use were modeled on the basis of a functional classification. Simulations were conducted using the characteristics of the power transfer systems as parameters to evaluate fuel economy tendencies under several driving modes. The mechanism of the fuel economy tendencies was then analyzed to evaluate quantitatively the effect of each power transfer system on fuel economy.
Technical Paper

Study of an Integrated Diesel Engine-CVT Control Algorithm for Improving Drivability and Exhaust Emission Performance

Diesel engines have attracted more attention in recent years as one means of reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from motor vehicles. One of the major issues for diesel engines is exhaust emissions performance. Diesel engines also face various difficulties in providing the driving force demanded by the driver because of their greater inertia than that of gasoline engines. Meanwhile, continuously variable transmissions (CVTs) have been popularized as gearboxes that execute ratio changes continuously without generating shift shock. The aim of this research is to achieve higher levels of drivability and exhaust emissions performance by mating a CVT to a diesel engine and making maximum use of the continuous ratio change capability. An integrated engine-CVT control algorithm that can freely set the driving force and also the engine operating conditions for generating that driving force has been developed through this study.