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Technical Paper

Optimization of the Heat Flow Distribution in the Engine Compartment

The use of higher output engines and more auxiliary units is resulting in greater heat generation in the engine compartment. At the same time, design trends and demands for improved aerodynamic performance are diminishing the cooling air flow rate. These two sets of factors are making the thermal environment in the engine compartment more severe. In this work, heat flow in the engine compartment was investigated by numerical analysis and flow visualization, and flow control devices were devised for optimizing the temperature distribution. This paper discusses the heat flow optimization techniques and presents the results obtained in experiments with an actual vehicle.
Technical Paper

Development of a Method for Predicting Heat Rejection to the Engine Coolant

The higher output levels attained by recent automotive engines have been accompanied with an increase in the amount of heat generated by the engine. This higher heat release level, together with the styling trend toward a lower hood line, requires a method for accurately predicting heat release to the engine coolant. In this research, the heat flow path in the engine was separated into several components and equations were formulated for estimating the amount of heat released by each component. The whole heat release to the engine coolant was obtained by totaling the heat release of each component.
Technical Paper

New Design of Cooling System with Computer Simulation and Engine Compartment Simulator

The engine cooling system is required to provide much higher performance today owing to the improved power output of engines and the trend toward a more compact engine compartment. For front engine/rear drive vehicles equipped with a fluid coupling drive fan, one of the main problems that must be dealt with is the rise in coolant temperature during idling. This paper presents a new method to simulate the engine coolant temperature under idling condition, and an improved engine cooling system that features a totally redesigned fan blade for maximum efficiency. This new system, consisting of a high performance cooling fan shroud and coupling, achieves a substantial noise reduction and contributes to fuel economy and power output improvements.