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Technical Paper

Development of Diagnostic Data Link Protocol

This paper describes a multiplexed communication protocol matched to vehicle diagnosis, which has become more complicated due to the greater sophistication of Electronic Control Units (ECUs). The diagnostic data link must be both flexible enough for complex applications and economical enough for most ECUs. First, an asynchronous communication method controlled by an external clock, one function of a CPU with UART, is employed to minimize ECU hardware cost. Second, a polling/selecting method comprising a set of diagnostic commands and a practical data link procedure is developed to minimize the ECU software burden. The result is a cost effective, easy-to-protocol.
Technical Paper

Development of Practical Multiplexed Wiring System

This paper describes a new approach to solving various problems inherent in conventional multiplexed wiring systems. These problems include the fact that the quantity of cut leads, which determines the cost, is not reduced even though the bulk of the wire harness is decreased. Another problem is that the communications system has a very complex configuration. With the approach proposed here it has been found that the number of cut leads can be reduced by housing the communications circuits individually in each piece of electrical equipment. This can be accomplished by grouping together the wiring in which the signals activating electrical load units all flow in the same direction. Custom LSI circuits have been developed to simplify the communications circuits. All of these developments have been combined into practical multiplexed wiring systems for controlling the power Windows, automatic door locks and power seats.
Technical Paper

Practical Challenges on Yokohama Mobility “Project ZERO” - Towards next generation mobility for low-carbon future

Reduction of greenhouse gases or CO2 is the global issue for sustainability. City of Yokohama, where 3.7 million people live, established the Yokohama Climate Change Action Policy “CO-DO30”, aiming to cut down on greenhouse gas emissions by over 30% per person by 2025, and by over 60% by 2050. “CO-DO30” includes 7 areas of approaches, such as Living, Businesses, Buildings, Transportation, Energies, Urban and Green, and City Hall. To achieve this challenging target, practical and effective action on transportation area is definitely required, because it emits 20% of total greenhouse gas emission in the city. In 2008, City of Yokohama and Nissan jointly started YOKOHAMA Mobility “Project ZERO” (YMPZ), a 5-year project aimed at realizing “Eco-Model City, Yokohama”.
Technical Paper

Development of a Steering Entropy Method for Evaluating Driver Workload

The authors have developed a steering entropy method to easily and accurately quantify the workload imposed on drivers who are engaged in activities apart from the normal driving operations of longitudinal and lateral control. A driver's steering behavior tends to become more discontinuous while performing an activity in addition to driving. To quantify these discontinuities, steering entropy values are obtained from a time-series history of steering angle data. A special-purpose driving simulator and a test procedure have been developed that allow workload evaluations to be conducted efficiently. The simulator and test procedure were used to evaluate the additional workload incurred by 14 different types of activities. The steering entropy results were compared with a dual task method as well as a subjective evaluation method.