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Technical Paper

Design of Lane-Keeping Control with Steering Torque Input for a Lane-Keeping Support System

2001-03-05
2001-01-0480
This paper describes the method used to design the basic control algorithm of a lane-keeping support system that is intended to assist the driver's steering action. Lane-keeping control has been designed with steering torque as the control input without providing a minor loop for the steering angle. This approach was taken in order to achieve an optimum balance of lane-keeping control, ease of steering intervention by the driver and robustness. The servo control system was designed on the basis of H2 control theory. Robustness against disturbances, vehicle nonlinearity and parameter variation was confirmed by μ - analysis. The results of computer simulations and driving tests have confirmed that the control system designed with this method provides the intended performance.
Technical Paper

Development of an Adaptive Cruise Control System with Stop-and-Go Capability

2001-03-05
2001-01-0798
An Adaptive Cruise Control system with stop-and-go capability has been developed to reduce the driver's workload in traffic jams on expressways. Based on an analysis of driving behavior characteristics in expressway traffic jams, a control system capable of modeling those characteristics accurately has been constructed to provide natural vehicle behavior in low-speed driving. The effectiveness of the system was evaluated with an experimental vehicle, and the results confirmed that it reduces the driver's workload. This paper presents an outline of the system and its effectiveness along with the experimental results.
Technical Paper

Intelligent Sensing System to Infer DriverS Intention

2000-11-01
2000-01-C056
An approach to designing an intelligent vehicle controller for partially supporting driver operation of a vehicle is proposed. Vehicle behavior is regarded as a system performed by the interaction between the driving environment, vehicle as a machine and driver expectations for the vehicle movements. Driver intention to accelerate or decelerate is mainly generated by the perception of the driving environment. The model we propose involves information on the driving environment affecting driver intention taking driver differences in perceiving the driving environment into account. An engineering model for installing the vehicle controller is expressed by a multipurpose decision-maker allowing explicit treatment of the driving environment, vehicle action, and driver intention. A reasoning engine deals with differences in individual driver traits for generating intention to decelerate by using fuzzy integrals and fuzzy measures.
Technical Paper

Engine Application of a Battery Voltage-Driven DI Fuel Injection System

2001-03-05
2001-01-0986
Every fuel injection system for DI gasoline engines has a DC-DC converter to provide high, stabile voltage for opening the injector valve more quickly. A current control circuit for holding the valve open is also needed, as well as a large-capacity capacitor for pilot injection. Since these components occupy considerable space, an injector drive unit separate from the ECU must be used. Thus, there has been a need for a fuel injection system that can inject a small volume of fuel without requiring high voltage. To meet that need, we have developed a dual coil injector and an opening coil current control system. An investigation was also made of all the factors related to the dynamic range of the injector, including static flow rate, fuel pressure, battery voltage and harness resistance. Both efforts have led to the adoption of a battery voltage-driven fuel injector.
Technical Paper

A Study of a Gasoline-Fueled Near-Zero-Emission Vehicle Using an Improved Emission Measurement System

1998-10-19
982555
This paper concerns research on an emission control system aimed at reducing emission levels to well below the ULEV standards. As emission levels are further reduced in the coming years, it is projected that measurement error will increase substantially. Therefore, an analysis was made of the conventional measurement system, which revealed the following major problems. 1. The conventional analyzer, having a minimum full-scale THC range of 10 ppmC, cannot measure lower concentration emissions with high accuracy. 2. Hydrocarbons are produced in various components of the measurement system, increasing measurement error. 3. Even if an analyzer with a minimum full-scale THC range of 1 ppmC is used in an effort to measure low concentrations, the 1 ppmC measurement range cannot be applied when the dilution air contains a high THC concentration. This makes it impossible to obtain highly accurate measurements. 4.
Technical Paper

Application of a Control System CAD Program to a Study of an Electronic Engine Control System

1994-03-01
940658
Automotive electronic control systems have tended to become more complex in recent years as a result of stronger requirements for environmental friendliness and higher levels of driveability. The first step in developing a control system is to study the required logic and system configuration at the initial stage of new vehicle development. The authors have incorporated an engine-vehicle model in a control system CAD program to simulate the logic needed for various control tasks. This paper presents a typical application in which a behavior of some outputs, such as engine torque and acceleration, was analyzed, and the electronic controls needed to assure driveability were identified. The construction and operation of a controller-in-the-loop system are also described.
Technical Paper

Development of a Headway Distance Control System

1998-02-01
980616
This paper describes a headway distance control system for platoon driving on an automated highway system (AHS). The system implemented on a test vehicle is described first, followed by a description of a vehicle control method based on the use of throttle and brake actuators. This method makes it possible to obtain the target acceleration and deceleration regardless of the vehicle speed range and the rate of acceleration or deceleration. Experimental and simulation results obtained with this method are presented. A control method is then described that uses inter-vehicle communication and laser radar to maintain a constant headway between vehicles. The results of simulations and driving tests conducted with three vehicles are presented to illustrate that the use of inter-vehicle communication is highly effective in improving headway control performance.
Technical Paper

New Electonically Controlled Torque Split 4WD System for Improving Cornering Performance

1990-02-01
900556
A new 4WD systen called the “ATTESA E-TS” has been developed based on a new approach to traction control. The E-TS system employs electronic control to achieve an optimm torque split ratio between the front and rear axles. This system is designed not only to deliver high tractive performance, but also to improve cornering performance under various road-surface friction coefficients and engine outputs. It consists of a transfer unit containing a multiplate clutch, a hydraulic unit, and a control system which is integrated with an anti-lock brake system and employs a wheel speed sensor at each wheel as well as a lateral acceleration sensor.
Technical Paper

Improvement of Lambda Control Based on an Exhaust Emission Simulation Model that Takes into Account Fuel Transportation in the Intake Manifold

1990-02-01
900612
This paper presents an improved exhaust emission simulation model that takes into account fuel transportation behavior in order to obtain more precise air-fuel ratio control, which is needed to meet stringent exhaust emission standards. This simulation model is based on experimental formulas for air and fuel behavior in the intake manifold, especially during transient engine operation. Fuel behavior, including the effect of wall flow on the air-fuel ratio, is obtained analytically. Predictions are then made of the exhaust emissions from a car operated under official driving schedules. The new simulation model is a useful tool in the design and development of fuel supply control systems. An outline of the new model is presented first along with a comparison of the calculated and experimental results. The air-fuel ratio control strategy derived with this model is then described.
Technical Paper

Development and Analysis of New Traction Control System with Rear Viscous LSD

1991-02-01
910700
Traction control systems (TCSs) serve to control brake pressure and engine torque, thereby reducing driving wheel spin for improved stability and handling. Systems are divided into two basic types by the brake control configuration. One type is a one-channel left-right common control system and the other is a two-channel individual control system. This paper presents an analysis of these two types of TCS configurations in terms of handling, acceleration, stability, yaw convergence and other performance parameters. The systems are compared with and without a limited-slip differential (LSD) under various road conditions, based on experimental data and computer simulations. As a result of this work, certain Nissan models are now equipped with a new Nissan Traction Control System with a rear viscous LSD (Nissan V-TCS), which provides both the advantages of a rear viscous LSD in a small slip region and a two-channel TCS in a large slip region.
Technical Paper

A New Nissan 3.0-liter V-6 Twin-cam Twin-turbo Engine with Dual Intake and Exhaust Systems

1990-02-01
900649
As a new generation sports car engine to lead the field in the 1990s, a 3.0 liter, 60°V, type 6 cylinder, 4 cam, 24 valve engine (VG30DETT) has been developed to achieve the utmost in high performance levels and reliability. it has been mounted on the new model 300ZX and announced in the North America and Japanese markets. The VG30DETT engine is based on the previous VG30DE engine (the engine mounted on the former model 300ZX designed for the market in Japan). The main components, the major driving and the lubrication systems including such parts as the crank shaft,con-rod, cylinder block, piston, exhaust manifold, and oil pan of the VG30DE were thoroughly reviewed and revised. The VG30DETT engine is the result of redesigning the structure of the engine itself and its parts and components to assure durability under, high-level performance requirements.
Technical Paper

Development of a New-Generation High-Performance 4.5-liter V8 Nissan Engine

1990-02-01
900651
This paper describes a new 4.5-liter V8 engine, VH45DE, which was developed for use in the INFINITI Q45 sporty luxury sedan that was released in the U.S. and Japanese markets in November 1989. The many V8 engines in use around the world can be broadly devided into two categories. One category is characterized by ample torque at low engine speed and relatively large engine displacement. The other category is characterized by enhanced performance at relatively high engine speeds. The VH45DE engine is a new-generation V8 powerplant that delivers smooth power output at top-end speed and also generates ample torque at low engine speed to maintain good idle stability, and accomplishes it all with the smallest possible displacement. Development efforts were focused on two main goals. The first was to achieve efficient intake air charging. This has been accomplished the intake air resonant point at a relatively high engine speed through appropriate intake branch and collector tuning.
Technical Paper

Nissan's Low-Noise Full-Scale Wind Tunnel

1987-02-01
870250
In October 1985, a new wind tunnel was completed and put into operation at the Nissan Technical Center. This paper describes its main specifications and performance features, and gives results of a number of experiments using the new facility. It is a closed-circuit wind tunnel of the so-called Göttingen type, with a semi-open test section. The test section is equipped with two different nozzles, which are used interchangeably depending on the type of testing being carried out. The larger nozzle has a maximum wind velocity of 190 kmh, and a cross-section 4 m high by 7 m wide. The other is 3 m high by 5 m wide and has a maximum wind velocity of 270 kmh. All of the testing equipment in the tunnel, including the axial-flow fan, six-component aerodynamic balance, and traverse system, are operated automatically by a control system made up of several computers linked together. The most notable feature of this wind tunnel is the large reduction that has been made in background noise.
Technical Paper

Improvement of Performance and Reliability of Engine Electronic Controller

1988-02-01
880181
Need for electronic engine control has increased, because of high power output, high performance and the demands for drivability and low fuel consumption. As the control system has become sophisticated and important, the reliabilty has become very important, too. Nissan Motor Company has introduced a high-reliability and high-performance system which meets the current customer's demand, adopting new technology and new method for items such as circuit composition, electronic parts, print circuit board layout, parts instsllation, control specification of engine electronic control system (ECCS). The new content and the effect of new technology and method are described.
Technical Paper

Nissan Electronically Controlled Four Speed Automatic Transmission

1989-02-01
890530
This paper describes the Nissan R01A model automatic transmission, focusing in particular on the basic design concept, control system and the various control techniques it incorporates. This 4-speed transmission, installed in Nissan's rear-wheel-drive vehicles, was designed from the ground up and significant construction and control mechanism improvements were made over the former conventional model. With a compact gear arrangement consisting of two sets of planetary gears, this transmission features a new electro-hydraulic control system which not only provides optimum shifting and lock-up points, but also modulates the hydraulic pressure electronically to achieve superior shift quality. Control over the transmission is integrated with engine control to deliver improved driveability and better fuel economy. Different transmission variations have been developed to create a versatile lineup for rear-wheel-drive vehicles.
Technical Paper

MBT Control through Individual Cylinder Pressure Detection

1988-11-01
881779
Making use of spark-plug-washer type cylinder pressure sensors and a high-performance 16-bit microprocessor, the authors have developed a new control system (Nissan ECCS) of ignition timing for gasoline engine. Use of this system results in effective control, enabling each engine to deliver maximum torque and minimum fuel consumption at all conditions, regardless of changes in environmental conditions, etc.
Technical Paper

Development of a Compact 3-Liter V6 Nissan Engine

1992-02-01
920672
This paper presents a compact 3-liter DOHC V6 engine that has been newly designed for the Nissan Maxima. The aims set for the development of this new engine were to achieve a compact package and excellent fuel efficiency. The engine is built around a 4-valve-per-cylinder configuration with a high compression ratio and incorporates a variable valve timing control system, aerodynamic intake ports and roller rocker arms. These features enable it to provide good fuel economy while delivering excellent acceleration. The compact package has been achieved by adopting a 2-stage cam drive, narrow angle valve geometry and an optimized arrangement for the endpivot type hydraulic lash adjusters.
Technical Paper

The Development of an Active Noise Control System for Automobiles

1992-09-01
922086
This Paper Presents the world's first active noise system for production vehicle implementation. Adopted in the new middle size FF car model, this epoch-making system dramatically reduces the booming noise caused by the second-order harmonic of engine revolution. This is accomplished by using an adaptive control theory based on digital signal processing technology and a digital signal processor (DSP). The system basically employs a multiple error filtered-x LMS algorithm, to which an new algorithm was added to achieve the maximum noise reduction effect under a condition of stable control in a compact system for production vehicle application.
Technical Paper

Performance and Exhaust Emissions of Nissan FFV NX Coupe

1992-02-01
920299
The FFVs under study operates on either M85 or M0 or any mixture of the two. Nissan has been actively conducting reseach and development on flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs) to explore the possibilities for long-range energy conservation and air quality improvement. The engine converted for use in these FFVs is a 1.6 liter, four-cylinder in-line powerplant, with dual overhead camshafts and four valves per cylinder. It employs the Nissan Variable valve timing Control System (NVCS). The fuel sensor for measuring the methanol concentration in the fuel has been improved both in terms of accuracy and durability. This paper describes the engine performance and exhaust emission levels (formaldehydes unburned methanol and HC emissions) obtained with both M85 and M0.
Technical Paper

Discharge Regulator of Painting Robot and Establishment of CAD Teaching System

1988-11-01
881747
The current spray painting system is hardly considered that the thickness is controlled enough, because the temperature greatly influence on the viscosity of paint. We noticed the problem and detected the temperature at a nozzle of a spray unit. We tried that the paint flow is controlled to get stable thickness more accurately by the temperature feedback system. We also tried to develop the new programming method of robots. This new offline programming system provided us an ideal positions and orientations of the spray gun mounted on a robot wrist, after several simulation in the CAD system. We checked and debugged the office taught date with a trial robot in a trial area, and then loaded down with the date to a target robot. We eventually provided a better production technology with the paintflow control system together with the new CAD based offline programming system.
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