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Technical Paper

Development and Application of a Shape-Topology Optimization System Using a Homogenization Method

The shape and topology optimization method using a homogenization method is a powerful design tool because it can treat topological changes of a design domain. This method was originally developed in 1988 [1] and have been studied by many researchers. However, their scope of application in real vehicle design works has been limited where a design domain and boundary conditions are very complicated. The authors have developed a powerful optimization system by adopting a general purpose finite element analysis code. A method for treating vibration problems is also discussed. A new objective function corresponding to a multi-eigenvalue optimization problem is suggested. An improved optimization algorithm is then applied to solve the problem. Applications of the optimization system to design the body and the parts of a solar car are presented.
Technical Paper

Reduction of Vehicle Interior Noise Using Structural-Acoustic Sensitivity Analysis Methods

Since interior noise has a strong effect on vehicle salability, it is particularly important to be able to estimate noise levels accurately by means of simulation at the design stage. The use of sensitivity analysis makes it easy to determine how the analytical model should be modified or the structure optimized for the purpose of reducting vibration and noise of the structural-acoustic systems. The present work focused on a structural-acoustic coupling problem. As the coefficient matrices of a coupled structural-acoustic system are not symmetrical, the conventional orthogonality conditions obtained in structural dynamics generally do not hold true for the coupled system. To overcome this problem, the orthogonality and normalization conditions of a coupled system were derived by us. In this paper, our sensitivity analysis methods are applied to an interior noise problem of a cabin model.
Technical Paper

Optimization Analysis for Vehicle Vibration mode Control

The occurrence of various vibrations and noises in an automobile, such as idling vibration, boom noise and road noise, is greatly affected by the natural vibration modes and could be developed for controlling the body strength and weight these problems could be solved and a high-performance vehicle realised. This paper presents an analytical method developed by the authors to solve these problems and gives examples of its application. In developing this method, the problems of natural vibration mode and static stiffness control were addressed. Perturbation and sensitivity analysis methods have already been proposed for mode control. Four typical methods were examined and the best one was chosen in terms of accuracy and calculation time when handling large-scale problems. For static sensitivity analysis, we proposed a nevi method which is like natural mode sensitivity analysis.
Technical Paper

An Application of Structural-Acoustic Analysis to Car Body Structure

In order to calculate efficiently the characteristics of car body vibration and the acoustic characteristic of the passenger compartment, a structural-acoustic analysis system, ‘CAD-B’, was developed. This system divides the body into three components - front body, main cabin and rear body. The characteristics of front and rear body vibration are expressed in modal parameters. The vibration characteristic throughout the car body is then calculated through the building block approach, while the main cabin remains in finite elements. A good agreement in eigen pairs was seen between this approach and the conventional finite element method. As for the passenger compartment, it is divided into finite elements and its eigen pairs are calculated. Then by linking body vibration with the acoustic characteristic of the passenger compartment, sound pressure in the passenger compartment is calculated.