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Technical Paper

Improvement of Ease of Viewing Images on an In-vehicle Display and Reduction of Carsickness

2008-04-14
2008-01-0565
A method has been developed for improving the ease of viewing images on an in-vehicle display while a vehicle is moving and reducing carsickness. An attempt was made to mitigate carsickness by reducing sensory conflict by controlling the position of displayed images in synchronization with vehicle motions and passenger head motions produced by vehicle acceleration / deceleration forces. In the case of moving images, experimental results showed that, in addition to image position control, providing visual clues for distinguishing between the motions of the images themselves and the control motions can effectively reduce carsickness. The results further indicated that this method of controlling the position of displayed images is also effective in improving the ease of viewing images in a moving vehicle.
Technical Paper

A Study for Understanding Carsickness Based on the Sensory Conflict Theory

2006-04-03
2006-01-0096
Two hypotheses based on the sensory conflict theory were postulated as possible means for reducing carsickness: (1) Reducing signals from the vestibular and vision systems through a reduction of low-frequency motion would mitigate carsickness and (2) Controlling stimulation of visual organs so as to reduce the amount of sensory conflict would mitigate carsickness. For hypothesis (1), the relations between subjective carsickness ratings and motions of the vehicle and passengers' body were investigated. Greater correlation was found between carsickness ratings and motions of the passengers' head, where the organs of the vestibular and vision systems are located, than between carsickness ratings and vehicle motions. For hypothesis (2), the incidence of carsickness in passengers who gazed at an in-vehicle display was investigated because there seemed to be large conflict between the vestibular system and the vision system.
Technical Paper

Evaluations of Physical Fatigue during Long-term Driving with a New Driving Posture

2007-04-16
2007-01-0348
In a previous study, we developed and validated a new driving posture focused on biomechanical loads for physical fatigue reduction in static long-term sitting. In this study, the posture was evaluated in dynamic long-term driving condition by qualitative and quantitative measurements. The results showed physical fatigue of the new posture was halved in comparison with the one of the conventional posture in same car by subjective evaluations. Physiological indices had same tendency with subjective evaluations. From the results, we extracted seven physiological indices as good measures of physical fatigue while driving. Therefore, fatigue reduction of the new posture was qualitatively validated by physiological measurements.
Technical Paper

Prediction of Seat Vibration with a Seated Human Subject Using a Substructure Synthesis Method

2004-03-08
2004-01-0371
A seat vibration prediction technique using a substructure synthesis method was developed for use in ride comfort evaluations. The human body was modeled as a vibration transfer matrix using the mean apparent mass of human subjects, based on data measured in advance. Seat vibration characteristics were measured with rigid masses on the seat. The measured data and vibration transfer matrix of the human body were synthesized using a substructure synthesis method, to predict vibration of the seat cushion and backrest in an occupant-loaded condition without actually using human subjects. Results showed that seat vibration predicted with this method was very similar to, and more repeatable than, that obtained experimentally with human subjects.
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