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Technical Paper

A New Five-Speed Nissan Automatic Transmission for Passenger Cars

An electronically controlled five-speed automatic transmission has been developed for use in new 2-liter models. This high-performance gearbox is the world's first five-speed automatic transmission for passenger car use to be equipped with a torque converter. It is designed with an ultra-wide range and close ratio gearing and incorporates a host of outstanding technologies to provide excellent performance and driveability. This paper describes the major features and performance of this new automatic transmission and some of the studies undertaken concerning multiplication of gear steps.
Technical Paper

A New Approach to Finding Optimum Planetary Gear Trains for Automatic Transmissions

There has been a growing need to develop more compact automatic transmissions with a greater number of speeds for better fuel economy and better driveability. This study investigated a method for determining suitable planetary gear trains for today's transmissions. A computer program has been developed for application to five-speed transmissions consisting of two planetary gearsets. By analyzing various gear train possibilities, the program can identify which gearsets are suitable for different conditions, including the number of speeds, the number of binding elements, topological suitability and other factors.
Technical Paper

Improved Automatic Transmission Provides Smoother Shifting through Accurate Hydraulic Control

The operating characteristics of the check valve in the clutch piston of an automatic transmission have a great effect on the shifting performance and durability of the developed clutch package test rig was used to visualize the flow and make pressure measurements in the vicinity of the check valve. The results indicate that the strength of the vortex just in front of the check valve strongly influences the opening and closing hydraulic pressure of the valve. It was also found that the vortex causes a pressure drop, which is related to the rotating speed of the clutch piston, oil volume discharged from the check valve and valve geometry. These results were used to design an improved check valve which provides a suitable oil pressure curve for achieving smoother shifting.
Technical Paper

A Study of Power Roller Synchronization in a Toroidal CVT

Building a toroidal continuously variable transmission (CVT) with multiple power rollers arranged in parallel is an effective way to improve its torque capacity. However, that requires a method for synchronizing the operation of all of the power rollers. This paper describes a method of synchronizing the four power rollers in a toroidal CVT that we have researched and developed. It also presents the results of an analysis of the cause of power roller vibration, which was a serious issue encountered in the development process, and describes an effective method for preventing it. The methods described here achieve sufficient synchronization performance for practical use of the toroidal CVT on production vehicles.