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Technical Paper

Analysis and Control of Displacement Transmissibility and Force Transmissibility for a Two DOF Model Based on Quarter Car Concept using a Mixed Mode Magnetorheological Fluid Mount

2010-10-05
2010-01-1911
The chassis are subject to both road profile and engine or pump/motor vibration when a vehicle is moving on the road. The suspension is developed to reduce the effect of the road conditions to the chassis. The vibration from engine or pump/motor of hydraulic hybrid vehicles (HHV) will be also transmitted to the chassis and needs to be isolated. A mixed mode magnetorheological (MR) fluid mount is presented to isolate force vibration for a two degree of freedom (DOF) model based on quarter car concept. The MR fluid mount is designed to work in flow mode and squeeze mode separately and simultaneously. The skyhook control for the MR fluid mount is also been designed and simulated. Both displacement transmissibility and force transmissibility for each mode and for combined modes have been obtained. These simulation results present a basis for designing a more effective controller to control both the displacement transmissibility and force transmissibility.
Technical Paper

Comparison of a Hydraulic Engine Mount to a Magnetorheological Engine Mount

2010-10-05
2010-01-1910
A comparison between a hydraulic engine mount and a mixed mode magnetorheological (MR) fluid engine mount is presented. MR fluid is a smart material that changes viscosity in the presence of a magnetic field. In other words, without the presence of a magnetic field, the fluid is classified as a Newtonian fluid, however; with the presence of a magnetic field, the fluid becomes classified as a Bingham plastic. The working modes of the MR mount are squeeze and flow. Hydraulic mounts were developed to address the conflicting requirements of the engine vibration profile. The engine vibration profile can be classified as large displacement in the low frequency range and small displacement in the high frequency range. The hydraulic mount used in this study is an as received OEM mount. The elastomeric top and bottom of the hydraulic mount were used to create the MR mount. In the paper, the advantages and disadvantages of each mount are discussed in detail.
Technical Paper

Performance Evaluation of a Semi-Active Magnetorheological Mount

2008-04-14
2008-01-0429
The paper presents the design and control aspects of a magnetorheological (MR) fluid based mount. The proposed design yields a high static stiffness and a low dynamic stiffness in the working frequency range of the mount, enhancing the vibration isolation capabilities of the mount compared to existing hydraulic mounts. Vertical vibrations, namely displacement/force transmissibility, can be isolated or significantly reduced, in real time, by controlling the fluid yield stress through an applied electric current. The mount governing equations are derived and the effectiveness of the mount is evaluated for two cases: low frequency-high displacement and at high frequency-low displacement. These cases correspond to the operation of the mount in squeeze mode and in flow mode, respectively. Preliminary results on the implementation of a skyhook control strategy are also presented.
Technical Paper

Spray Characterization in a DISI Engine During Cold Start: (1) Imaging Investigation

2006-04-03
2006-01-1004
Spray angle and penetration length data were taken under cold start conditions for a Direct Injection Spark Ignition engine to investigate the effect of transient conditions on spray development. The results show that during cold start, spray development depends primarily on fuel pressure, followed by Manifold Absolute Pressure (MAP). Injection frequency had little effect on spray development. The spray for this single hole, pressure-swirl fuel injector was characterized using high speed imaging. The fuel spray was characterized by three different regimes. Regime 1 comprised fuel pressures from 6 - 13 bar, MAPs from 0.7 - 1 bar, and was characterized by a large pre-spray along with large drop sizes. The spray angle and penetration lengths were comparatively small. Regime 2 comprised fuel pressures from 30 - 39 bar and MAPs from 0.51 - 0.54 bar. A large pre-spray and large drop sizes were still present but reduced compared to Regime 1.
Journal Article

The Development of Terrain Pre-filtering Technique Based on Constraint Mode Tire Model

2015-09-01
2015-01-9113
The vertical force generated from terrain-tire interaction has long been of interest for vehicle dynamic simulations and chassis development. To improve simulation efficiency while still providing reliable load prediction, a terrain pre-filtering technique using a constraint mode tire model is developed. The wheel is assumed to convey one quarter of the vehicle load constantly. At each location along the tire's path, the wheel center height is adjusted until the spindle load reaches the pre-designated load. The resultant vertical trajectory of the wheel center can be used as an equivalent terrain profile input to a simplified tire model. During iterative simulations, the filtered terrain profile, coupled with a simple point follower tire model is used to predict the spindle force. The same vehicle dynamic simulation system coupled with constraint mode tire model is built to generate reference forces.
Journal Article

Driving Safety Performance Assessment Metrics for ADS-Equipped Vehicles

2020-04-14
2020-01-1206
The driving safety performance of automated driving system (ADS)-equipped vehicles (AVs) must be quantified using metrics in order to be able to assess the driving safety performance and compare it to that of human-driven vehicles. In this research, driving safety performance metrics and methods for the measurement and analysis of said metrics are defined and/or developed. A comprehensive literature review of metrics that have been proposed for measuring the driving safety performance of both human-driven vehicles and AVs was conducted. A list of proposed metrics, including novel contributions to the literature, that collectively, quantitatively describe the driving safety performance of an AV was then compiled, including proximal surrogate indicators, driving behaviors, and rules-of-the-road violations.
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