Power Thermal Management System Design for Enhanced Performance in an Aircraft Vehicle
The thermal management of modern aircraft has become more challenging as aircraft capabilities have increased. The use of thermally resistant composite skins and the desire for low observability, reduced ram inlet size and number, have reduced the ability to transfer heat generated by the aircraft to the environment. As the ability to remove heat from modern aircraft has decreased, the heat loads associated with the aircraft have increased. Early in the aircraft design cycle uncertainty exists in both aircraft requirements and simulation predictions. In order to mitigate the uncertainty, it is advantageous to design thermal management systems that are insensitive to design cycle uncertainty. The risk associated with design uncertainty can be reduced through robust optimization. In the robust optimization of the thermal management system, three noise factors were selected: 1) engine fan air temperature, 2) avionics thermal load, and 3) engine thrust.