Refine Your Search

Search Results

Viewing 1 to 5 of 5
Technical Paper

Effects of Engine Oil Composition on the Activity of Exhaust Emissions Oxidation Catalysts

Platinum, palladium, and copper-chromium oxidation catalysts for exhaust emission control were exposed to exhaust gases from a steady-state engine dynamometer test in which the amount of oil consumed per unit volume of catalyst was high. When unleaded gasoline (0.004 Pb g/gal, 0.004 P g/gal) was used, conventional SE oil caused somewhat greater loss of catalyst activity than an ashless and phosphorus-free (“clean”) oil. Chemical analysis of the catalyst indicated that phosphorus from the conventional oil was probably responsible for the difference. However, a test run with low-lead (0.5 Pb g/gal, 0.004 P g/gal) gasoline and “clean” oil caused much greater catalyst activity deterioration than either of the tests with unleaded gasoline.
Technical Paper


EXTENSIVE TESTING by GM Research Laboratories has screened five promising transaxle fluids out of 32 mineral-oil-base fluids, 10 synthetic-base fluids, and numerous additive-base stock combination fluids. This paper discusses the findings of the testing and the continuing program on the five fluids. Transaxle fluids have a number of properties affecting performance, including: High-temperature viscosity. Low-temperature fluidity. Shear resistance. Friction properties. Oxidation resistance. Antifoam quality. Effect on seals. Fluid-clutch plate compatibility. Antiwear quality. Extreme-pressure quality. Antirust and anticorrosion qualities.*
Technical Paper

Engine Oil MS Test Sequences IIA and IIIA

Engine oil test Sequences IIA and IIIA have been developed to replace Sequences I, II, and III. These new sequences are designed to evaluate lubricants for use in current passenger car engines under severe (MS) service conditions. Lubricant performance is evaluated with respect to scuffing wear, rust, corrosion, deposits, and rumble. The Sequence IIA and IIIA test procedure involves major changes which affect the evaluation of engine rusting and provides improved correlation between test results and short-trip service. Average engine rust ratings correlate with service data within ±0.5 numbers. The new test also provides better repeatability and reproducibility in a significantly shorter schedule. The rust repeatability and reproducibility is less than ±0.2 and ±0.6 numbers, respectively. Test time has been reduced 52%.
Technical Paper

Projected Lubricant Requirements of Engines Operating with Lead-Free Gasoline

Future low emissions engines will burn unleaded gasoline. Compared with engines of 1970, future engines will have lower concentrations of NOx in the blowby gases, and lower blowby flow-rates; however, oil temperatures will probably be unchanged. The consequences of these conditions for engines using high quality (SE) oils at current drain intervals are: virtual elimination of rust, reduction of sludge, no effect on wear and oil thickening, and possible worsening of varnish. Therefore, extension of the drain interval with SE engine oils in the future may be possible, but final decisions will depend on the findings of research in the areas of engine wear and varnish, and oil thickening.
Technical Paper

Transmission Air Breathing Suppressor (TABS) Valve - A Device for Improving Automatic Transmission Fluid Life

Automatic transmission fluids can oxidize with use, causing marginal transmission performance and eventual transmission malfunction. Periodic fluid changes are presently recommended to alleviate this problem. Fluid oxidation is promoted in current transmissions because they breathe air freely through a vent tube. To reduce fluid oxidation, and thereby improve fluid and transmission durability, a one-way check valve, called the Transmission Air Breathing Suppressor (TABS), was designed to restrict the intake of air into the transmission and to replace the conventional vent tube. The effectiveness of the TABS valve in reducing fluid oxidation was determined in high temperature transmission cycling tests and in taxicab tests. Fluid oxidation results with the TABS valve-equipped transmissions were compared to those with normally-vented transmissions. By reducing the amount of oxygen in the transmission gas, the TABS valve nearly eliminated fluid oxidation.