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Technical Paper

A New Passive Interface to Simulate On-Vehicle Systems for Direct-to-Module (DTM) Engine Control Module (ECM) Data Recovery

Investigators of vehicular incidents often seek to recover data stored within on-board computer systems. For commercial vehicles, the primary source for this information is the engine control module (ECM). The data stored in these modules, not unlike passenger vehicles, varies widely among manufacturers, as do the hardware and software required to recover such data. Further, the options, and associated risks, involved with attempting to recover this data has a similarly wide variance relative to the engine manufacturer, incident related circumstances, and the tools currently available to perform such downloads. There are two primary paths available to obtain this data: (1) via the vehicle data bus (e.g. SAE J1939 or J1708 ) or (2) direct-to-module (DTM) connection. When using the DTM method, power is applied to an ECM, and the module measures the various engine control and monitoring components for validity.
Technical Paper

Tractor-Semitrailer Stability Following a Steer Axle Tire Blowout at Speed and Comparison to Computer Simulation Models

This paper documents the vehicle response of a tractor-semitrailer following a sudden air loss (Blowout) in a steer axle tire while traveling at highway speeds. The study seeks to compare full-scale test data to predicted response from detailed heavy truck computer vehicle dynamics simulation models. Full-scale testing of a tractor-semitrailer experiencing a sudden failure of a steer axle tire was conducted. Vehicle handling parameters were recorded by on-board computers leading up to and immediately following the sudden air loss. Inertial parameters (roll, yaw, pitch, and accelerations) were measured and recorded for the tractor and semitrailer, along with lateral and longitudinal speeds. Steering wheel angle was also recorded. These data are presented and also compared to the results of computer simulation models. The first simulation model, SImulation MOdel Non-linear (SIMON), is a vehicle dynamic simulation model within the Human Vehicle Environment (HVE) software environment.
Technical Paper

Establishing Occupant Response Metrics on a Roll Simulator

This paper presents the results of an in-depth study of the measurement of occupant kinematic response on the S-E-A Roll Simulator. This roll simulator was built to provide an accurate and repeatable test procedure for the evaluation of occupant protection and restraint systems during roll events within a variety of occupant compartments. In the present work this roll simulator was utilized for minimum-energy, or threshold type, rollover events of recreational off-highway vehicles (ROVs). Input profiles for these tests were obtained through a separate study involving autonomous full vehicle tests [1]. During simulated roll events anthropomorphic test device (ATD) responses were measured using on-board high speed video, an optical three-dimensional motion capture system (OCMS) and an array of string potentiometers.
Technical Paper

Vehicle Speed Change and Acceleration Associated with Curb Impacts and a Comparison to Computer Simulation with a Multi-Point Radial Spring Tire Model

This paper is a follow up to a study published in 2005 1 on the same topic and presents a study that was conducted to compare vehicle speed change and acceleration data from full-scale testing to results generated by computer simulation using the SImulation MOdel Non-linear (SIMON) vehicle dynamic simulation model version 3.1 within the Human Vehicle Environment (HVE) software version 5.2. SIMON will be referred to in this paper as the computer or simulation model, while HVE will be referred to as the computer software. In the previous study, a simple method to model the curb was developed and version 2.0 of the simulation model was validated, for delta-v, up to approximately 6.7 m/s (15 mph) and for vertical accelerations, up to speeds of approximately 4.5 m/s (10 mph).
Technical Paper

Driver’s Response Prediction Using Naturalistic Data Set

Evaluating the safety of Autonomous Vehicles (AV) is a challenging problem, especially in traffic conditions involving dynamic interactions. A thorough evaluation of the vehicle’s decisions at all possible critical scenarios is necessary for estimating and validating its safety. However, predicting the response of the vehicle to dynamic traffic conditions can be the first step in the complex problem of understanding vehicle’s behavior. This predicted response of the vehicle can be used in validating vehicle’s safety. In this paper, models based on Machine Learning were explored for predicting and classifying driver’s response. The Naturalistic Driving Study dataset (NDS), which is part of the Strategic Highway Research Program-2 (SHRP2) was used for training and validating these Machine Learning models.