A New Passive Interface to Simulate On-Vehicle Systems for Direct-to-Module (DTM) Engine Control Module (ECM) Data Recovery
Investigators of vehicular incidents often seek to recover data stored within on-board computer systems. For commercial vehicles, the primary source for this information is the engine control module (ECM). The data stored in these modules, not unlike passenger vehicles, varies widely among manufacturers, as do the hardware and software required to recover such data. Further, the options, and associated risks, involved with attempting to recover this data has a similarly wide variance relative to the engine manufacturer, incident related circumstances, and the tools currently available to perform such downloads. There are two primary paths available to obtain this data: (1) via the vehicle data bus (e.g. SAE J1939 or J1708 ) or (2) direct-to-module (DTM) connection. When using the DTM method, power is applied to an ECM, and the module measures the various engine control and monitoring components for validity.