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Technical Paper

Synchronous Motor with Silicon Steel Salient Poles Rotor and All Coils Placed on the Stator

In this paper, we consider a new design of synchronous motor with salient poles rotor and all coils placed on the stator. This design, uses a laminated silicon steel rotor, which is not so expensive as a rotor with super strong permanent magnets. This design of machine eliminates copper rings on the rotor and brushes which is used in regular synchronous motors, and eliminates disadvantages involved with these arrangements. In an earlier publication, authors considered the opportunity realization of synchronous mode operation in the machine with salient pole rotor and DC stator excitation. Now, we consider the new synchronous mode operation with individual DC excitation of each the alternative current (AC) windings for realization the first, second and third phase synchronous machines. In theoretical basics of analyses and design of synchronous motors we pay more attention to the single-phase motor because it is the basis for design polyphase synchronous machines.
Technical Paper

Synchronous Mode Operation in Electrical Machine with DC Stator Excitation

In transport applications, the synchronous motors are used for the power drives, because of their high operating efficiency, and controllable power factor. Brushless electrical machine with DC stator excitation have on the stator the armature and excitation windings. Rotor is a salient pole construction with laminated core and without coils. On base of this machine can be realized the DC machine. In the synchronous mode operation, there is no need the sensor of rotor position. It is need only alternative current (AC) voltage source. The advantages of the synchronous machine with DC stator excitation are: the simple brushless design, and controllable field excitation. In this paper, we consider the physical principle operation of a new machine with DC stator excitation in the synchronous mode operation. For analysis in a synchronous mode operation, the simplified model of electrical machine in steady state condition is used.
Technical Paper

Brushless Series Connected Machine with DC Stator Excitation

The brushless DC motors with permanent magnets are used primarily in law power applications. There are no limits on weight and motor dimensions in considered motors with DC stator excitation. Brushless series connected machine with DC stator excitation do not have rotor coils. Field coil and armature coils are mounted in the stator. Armature windings are connected to DC voltage source trough power transistors commutator. Power transistors are controlled by reflective optical sensors in function of rotor position. In the report, the new principle design of the motor with DC stator excitation is considered. The new principle of design supposes individual excitation for each of the armature phase. Such approach gives an opportunity to design electrical machine with any number of armature phases spaced in phase from each other. In series connected DC machines, the field winding is connected in series with the armature winding.
Technical Paper

Induction Mode Operation in the Electrical Machine with DC Stator Excitation

The purpose of this paper is to investigate opportunity to create a new type AC induction motor with the salient pole rotor (without winding) and both winding AC excitation and short circuited placed on the stator. There are some advantages in this design: The suggested design has a cold rotor. The stator short circuited and excitation windings are easier for cooling. The rotor has reduced weight in compare with regular induction motor rotor. The short circuit winding can be used for the current control like in the regular induction wound-rotor machines. In this case, the problem maintenance of the slip rings is eliminated. In this paper, we discuss theoretical opportunity for realization the induction mode operation in two and three phase machines. As a base for this, it serves the analyses operation of one phase machine. This analysis is fulfilled in comparison with regular induction motors with short circuited and wound-rotor windings.
Technical Paper

DC Motor with Salient Poles Rotor and All Coils Placed on the Stator

DC motors are the most controllable electrical machines but more complicated for fabrication, in comparison with induction motors having simplified design but more complicated for control. Regular DC motor contain excitation (field) coil on the stator and armature coil on the rotor. Armature coil connected with external voltage source by a mechanical commutator with brushes. This arrangement complicates fabrication of DC machine, increases its cost, lowered reliability, and demands regular maintenance. Electromagnets inside of the stator increase dimensions of DC motor. In DC motor with salient pole rotor, there are no coils on the rotor, and mechanical commutator with brushes is eliminated, and eliminated all disadvantages connected with this arrangement. In this paper, we consider the new version of DC machine with DC stator excitation in compare with presented earlier. The difference is in using individual coil excitation for each armature coil, placed on the stator.
Technical Paper

Electric Drive of an Industrial Tractor

A traction electric drive is offered for an industrial tractor. The drive contains the generator, the controlled rectifier, the independent inverters, and two onboard motors. The important feature of the offered electric drive is application of synchronous reactive machines of independent excitation as the generator and traction motors. These electric machines have the following technical features: the generator and motor design is brushless; and simple, the rotor has high mechanical rigidity that raises reliability at high speeds and overloads. There are no windings on the rotor; the motor is designed for ease of manufacture (by expert estimations its price is lower than the squirrel cage induction motor on the order of 15-20 %). The machines have increased efficiency a result of a “cold” rotor design; the motors have high torque overloads capacity (up to 4-6 times the values of nominal torque).
Technical Paper

Diagnostics of Fatigue Cracks in Rotor Systems of Machines

High-speed loaded rotor systems are widely distributed in machines and equipment of various branches of technology, including transport. Maintaining rotor systems at the appropriate high technical level is an important task, the solution of which is necessary to reduce current costs, to decrease the number of emergency situations. In this paper, the process of appearance of fatigue cracks in rotor systems is considered and the degree of their development is determined. Based on the carried out studies, the method for predicting the development of the fatigue cracks has been developed. The destruction of structural elements under variable loads usually occurs gradually, as a result of the accumulation of microdamages that pass into the developing fatigue microcracks. The appearance of cracks does not mean that the structural elements are completely out of order and that immediate repairs are necessary.