Refine Your Search

Topic

Author

Search Results

Technical Paper

Practical Approach for Vehicle HVAC Noise Reduction and Comfort Improvement

2011-05-17
2011-01-1592
Comfortable cabin environment from temperature, noise and vibration point of view is one of the most desirable aspects of any vehicle operating in hot or cold environment. Noise generated from HVAC system is one of the most irritating phenomena resulting in customer dissatisfaction and complaints. It becomes absolutely necessary to have low HVAC noise levels when the target market has hot weather all round the year. Balance between control of temperature in desired way with least possible noise and vibration is the key for HVAC performance optimization within constrains posed by design and cost. This paper describes the approach for NVH refinement of front HVAC system proposed for a vehicle with limited off-road capability for which packaging constraints and late changes related to airflow and HVAC unit design for meeting comfort and crash requirements resulted in deterioration of noise and vibrations while operation.
Technical Paper

Radiated Noise Reduction in a Single Cylinder Direct Injection (DI) Naturally Aspirated (NA) Engine

2011-05-17
2011-01-1503
Small goods carrier and passenger vehicles powered by Naturally Aspirated (NA) Direct Injection (DI) diesel engines are popular in Indian automobile market. However, they suffer from inherently high radiated noise and poorly perceived sound quality. This paper documents the steps taken to reduce the radiated noise level from such an engine through structural modifications of major noise radiating components identified in the sound power analysis. The work is summarized as follows; Baseline radiated noise measurements of power train and identification of major noise sources through sound intensity mapping and noise source ranking (NSR) in an Engine Noise Test Cell (ENTC) Design modifications for identified major sources in engine structure Vehicle level assessment of the radiated noise in a Vehicle Semi-Anechoic Chamber (VSAC) for all the design modifications. A reduction of 7 dB at hot idle and 4 - 8 dB in loaded speed sweep conditions was observed with the recommended modifications.
Journal Article

Corrosion Simulation Tests: Analysis and Improvement of Corrosion Resistance for Automotive Components

2013-04-08
2013-01-0335
Corrosion testing and simulation has played a critical role in the development of corrosion resistant automobiles. Much has been learned over a period of time with respect to the automotive corrosion protection and its assessment. A range of coatings and platings are being used in the automotive sector. In this field of application, designs are very complex and focus is on enhanced vehicle level corrosion protection, given the high corrosion warranty costs. The objective of the present study was to develop a electrochemical test method to rapidly and quantitatively screen the corrosion performance of automotive coating systems. The present study compares electrochemical results obtained using a linear polarization resistance (LPR) to results obtained via the standard ASTM B117 salt spray test. Salt spray tests were done on a separate series of these coating systems according to ASTM B117, and the results were ranked from 10 (excellent performance) to 1 (very poor performance).
Technical Paper

Optimization of an Air Intake System to Reduce Multiple Whoosh Noises from an Engine

2013-04-08
2013-01-1714
The direct injection common rail technology coupled with variable geometry turbocharger on the modern diesel engine has improved the diesel engine performance (power and torque) greatly as compared to the conventional diesel engine. Diesel engine performance is greatly dependent on the abundant air availability. And it is facilitated by Variable Geometry Turbocharger (VGT) in modern engines. The engines with variable geometry turbocharger offer quick response to the demand in various driving conditions especially in transient driving conditions. During transient driving conditions, the air intake system experiences a rapid air flow pressure and velocity changes. The pressure differentials across air intake system during transient events allow flow direction changes in the system. This kind of phenomenon generates unusual “Multiple Whoosh” noises in the air intake system of the sport utility vehicle engine.
Technical Paper

Effect of Excitation Methods on Experimental Modal Analysis of Passenger Car Tire

2013-11-27
2013-01-2854
Tire modal performance plays an important role in passenger car NVH refinement which includes road induced noise. Work done in the past, enumerates testing methods, excitation technique applied and boundary conditions. It also includes Mode shapes, analysis results and study of variables affecting the modal performance of passenger car Tire. Here, in this paper an attempt is made to compare the experimental modal analysis results, obtained using two different excitation techniques for exciting tire. In the experimental modal analysis under discussion, the passenger car tire of type 175/65R14, was inflated up to 2.2 bar (32psi) pressure in free-free condition. Impact Hammer and Electro-dynamic shaker were used to excite the tire structure in radial direction. Single Input Multiple Output technique was used for excitation and response signal acquisition.
Technical Paper

Investigation of Frequent Pinion Seal and Hub Seal Leakages on Heavy Commercial Vehicles

2010-10-05
2010-01-2015
The automotive sector is going through a phase of stiff competition among various Original Equipment Manufacturers for increasing their profitability while ensuring highest levels of customer satisfaction. The biggest challenge for such companies lies in minimizing their overall cost involving investments in Research and Development, manufacturing, after sales service and warranty costs. Higher warranty costs not only affect the net profit but in turn it also affects the brand image of the company to a large extent in the long run. An effort is made here to target such warranty costs due to frequent tail pinion and hub seal leakages on single reduction/hub reduction axles of Heavy Commercial Vehicles in the field. A preliminary study involving the severity analysis of such failures is followed by a step by step investigation of these failures.
Technical Paper

A New Approach to Evaluate Wear on Automotive Leaf Spring Suspension Bushes

2010-10-05
2010-01-1906
Traditionally the bushes used for automotive suspension are tested by methods which either don't address the environmental conditions including dust or mud, which convert a 2-body wear condition to 3-body wear condition prevailing in the field or not representative of the complete load bearing area of the bushes coming in contact with the pin. To address the above issues, a novel method of testing has been designed to take care of the loading type, environmental conditions and load bearing area of the bushes to simulate the field conditions.
Technical Paper

Optimization of Off-Road Mobility and Handling by Anti-Roll Bar Deletion and Shock-Up Tuning on Military Vehicle: A Case Study

2010-10-05
2010-01-1915
A 4t off-road military application vehicle was offered to the customers for assessment. During the evaluation adverse feedback of 1) harsh ride in off-road terrain, particularly during hump-crossing and 2) issues during high mobility were reported. Vehicle configuration was front and rear rigid axle suspension with leaf spring anti-roll bar, 4×4 and all terrain tyres. Vehicle application was “on-road” [GS (General-services)], as well as “off-road” (Reconnaissance purpose). The feedback was critically analyzed on the vehicle with the simulation of field conditions. Since the vehicle was still under customer evaluation, solution for the feedback required was quick and within boundary condition (maximum possible allowable limits of modification) of no major change in the suspension design as it was affects homologation cycle. Present paper describes the detailed analysis of the influence of each parameter on system.
Technical Paper

Optimization of Brake Pedal Feel and Performance for Dual Air Over Hydraulic System on Light Commercial Vehicles

2010-10-05
2010-01-1888
In current scenario, Light Commercial Vehicle segment (7 ton - 9.6 ton) is gradually experiencing a shift in the focus from being just a goods carrier to a vehicle which is developed to take care of driver's safety and comfort in terms of better ergonomics and aesthetics. As compared to their conventional counterparts the new generation Light Commercial Vehicles are better equipped and tuned to cater to the changing needs of the consumers. In view of this, refinement at the sub system level is becoming far more critical. On the same lines, the present work discusses a refined brake system for Light Commercial Vehicles where the conventional pneumatic system is replaced with Dual Air Over Hydraulic (DAOH) to achieve cost and weight advantages without compromising on its performance. However, during the development process, a lot of issues were observed with respect to the braking performance and the brake pedal feel.
Technical Paper

Development of Methodology for Steering Effort Improvement for Mechanical Steering in Commercial Vehicles

2010-10-05
2010-01-1887
Low steering effort in mechanical steering system is very essential, besides meeting the regulatory norms, to have driving comfort and easy maneuverability on turns. All the components in steering and suspension system plays important role in the resultant steering effort of the vehicle. Of all the factors affecting steering effort, following are identified as high influencing parameters: 1 Steering geometry. 2 Steering system compliance. 3 Friction in steering system linkages like assembly steering column, assembly steering gear box etc. 4 Tyre static friction torque. Present paper describes the detailed analysis of the influence of each parameter on steering system. The above parameters were studied in isolation as well as in combination, to ascertain their effect on steering effort. In a mechanical steering system, the parameters listed above contribute to 35% on steering effort where-in frictional forces itself contributes to 25%.
Technical Paper

Thermal Management in Engine Compartment for Efficient Working of the Intercooler on a Rear Engine Vehicle

2012-04-16
2012-01-1044
This paper is related to a vehicle with rear engine which is turbo charged and inter cooled. Due to packaging constraints the intercooler was placed in front of turbocharger and was exposed to hot air radiated out from the turbo charger. This was in turn reducing the efficiency of the intercooler. In such scenario, it is essential to shield the turbo charger from the intercooler for proper hot air management. Also rear engine vehicles don't have the benefit of ram air affect. This necessitates increasing the air entering in to the core of the intercooler. Both the above mentioned issues associated with such a vehicle was resolved by ensuring that the hot air from turbo-charge is guided away from the intercooler as well as the air flow to Intercooler is increased. Guiding or throwing out the hot air away from Intercooler was done by introducing a heat shield or a baffle between the two.
Technical Paper

Improvement in Vehicle Handling through Optimization of Steering System Compliance

2012-09-24
2012-01-1938
Recent infrastructural developments and emerging automotive market in India has given an impetus to the transportation industry and has led to high end research activities in synchronization with growing customer demands and competition especially in last decade. Since average speeds in India has gone up from 50 kmph in the year 2000 to almost 100 kmph in 2011, even the Light Commercial Vehicles (5 to 9.6T) are gradually experiencing a shift from low speed to high speed goods carrier. These new age vehicles are developed with a driver centric outlook towards safety and comfort. They are better optimized and equipped to the changing needs of the consumer and road conditions. Increase in vehicle speed poses many challenges in terms of occupant safety and control. In view of this, refinement of different vehicle handling parameters with respect to steering system compliance becomes far more critical.
Technical Paper

Hydropneumatic Suspension Design for Light Military Tracked Vehicle

2012-09-24
2012-01-1911
In this paper hydropneumatic suspension system design methodology for light military tracked vehicle is discussed in detail. A guide to locate the major impact factor & its effect on the system level design is demonstrated. Spring & damping characteristics of hydropneumatic suspension have significant bearing on the tracked vehicle mobility characteristics. A methodology has been derived to optimize the kinematics of the suspension system by optimizing the load transferring leverage ratio resulting in enhanced system life. The paper also discusses the analytical method used for prediction of spring & damping characteristics and the factors affecting them.
Technical Paper

Steering Linkage Induced Vehicle Pull during Straight Line Braking

2012-09-24
2012-01-1916
The vehicle pull (sideways) is a complex outcome of many parameters in an automobile vehicle. This is mainly due to steering, suspension, brake, wheels and chassis parameters. The road conditions like road camber also plays an important role in vehicle pull behavior. All efforts are put in design and manufacturing processes to maintain controlled vehicle pull in normal driving condition. Even though normal vehicle pull seems to be in acceptance limit (subjectively), its intensity increases many folds at the time of harsh braking. In these kind of panic situations where driver firmly holds on the steering wheel, it is expected that the vehicle should stop without deviating too much sideways from its intended straight line path to avoid any kinds of accidents. This work is an outcome of systematic study carried out to understand the root cause of brake pull as a field complaint on current production vehicles and adopting best possible solutions to minimize the brake pull.
Technical Paper

Micro Hybrid Battery Management - A Novel System to Augment Engine Restart Reliability and Battery Life

2012-04-16
2012-01-0791
The micro hybrid system, also known as the engine stop start system, has recently gained prominence world over due to its considerable fuel saving potential and relatively low costs. In spite of being a relatively non-complex function, the stop start system works hand-in-hand with a wide range of vehicle systems and components, specially the starting system and the battery. Frequent idle stop periods during city driving conditions can result in excessive battery discharge and gradually lead to loss of engine restartability. Increased number of charging and discharging cycles tend to reduce the life of the battery significantly. Hence it is very essential that the micro hybrid vehicles have a system in place that monitors and maintains the battery status within its operating limits.
Technical Paper

Design for Cabin Tilting System Employing Single Torsion Bar Using Taguchi Optimization Method

2012-09-24
2012-01-2032
Designing a cabin tilting system for Light Commercial Vehicles using a single torsion bar becomes challenging considering the operator safety and stringent design weight targets. Performance of a good tilting system entirely depends on cabin mass and location of centre of gravity with respect to (w.r.t) to tilting pivot point. Cabin Mass and COG location are very difficult to estimate while designing a new cabin as it is dependent on the maturation of all other cabin aggregates and also the accessories added by the customer. Incorporation design parameter changes like increasing cab tilting angle and increasing torsion bar length, in the later stages of product development, becomes expensive. The objective of this paper is to come up with an optimum design of a single torsion bar tilting employing “Taguchi optimization” for deciding the optimum levels of control factors, which ensures desired performance (i.e tilting effort vs.
Technical Paper

Design of Door Latching and Locking Systems for Crashworthiness

2008-01-09
2008-28-0058
Several sub-systems in a vehicle contribute to vehicle crashworthiness. One such system is the door latch and locking system. Correct functioning of this system is critical for facilitating occupant evacuation and preventing occupant ejection during crashes. Special care needs to be taken during vehicle safety development to achieve the desired intent. In crashes, it is observed that door opening or locking mainly occurs on account of inertial loads and deformation of the door structure. This paper studies the possible failure modes and their causes. Some likely solutions have also been discussed with a case study.
Technical Paper

Effect of Carbon Black Fraction in Natural Rubber for Automobile Rubber Components

2009-04-20
2009-01-1295
Large number of studies have been carried out and references are available on the use of synthetic rubber with non-carbon black fillers. Use of carbon black reinforced natural rubber is very common in automotive applications especially suspension top cups, cab mounts, suspension bushes, engine mounts etc Carbon black plays key role in the alteration of the rubber compound properties to suit the end product requirements for hysteresis, stiffness, hardness, compression set etc. This paper gives experimental details, results, and conclusions on and effect of carbon black in natural rubber compound. Carbon black reinforced natural rubber formulations were made and keeping all other ingredients of the formulation constant including type of carbon black and by varying only the amount of carbon black dosage. Since the rubber components call for different specifications based on the end product requirements, it is not possible to have common rubber formulation for all the end products.
Technical Paper

Evaluation of Potential Benefit of 6 × 2 Over 6 × 4 Drive Mode to Improve the Fuel Economy on Heavy Commercial Vehicle

2009-04-20
2009-01-1359
Reduction in the drivetrain losses of a vehicle is one of the important contributing factors to amplify the fuel economy of vehicle, particularly in heavy commercial vehicle. The conversion of 6 × 4 drive vehicle into 6 × 2 drive has a benefit of improving the fuel economy of a vehicle by reducing the drivetrain losses occurring in the second rear axle. It was cultured by calculation that in 6 × 2 drive the tractive force available at the wheels, of heavy commercial vehicle with GVW of 44 tons and above, will be much higher than the frictional force transmission capacity of tires, when the engine is producing peak torque on the driving duty cycle like going on steep gradient road. In such situations the tires will start to slip and may result in deteriorating the fuel economy and excessive tire wear. On the other side the flat road driving duty cycle in 6 × 2 drive will give better fuel economy than 6 × 4 drive.
Technical Paper

Tangentially Mounted Inserts: A Good Avenue for Recycle

2009-04-20
2009-01-0134
Recycle, Reuse, Repair have become a mantra today for cost reduction. More importantly it reduces the demand of natural resources and helps protect environment. There are many ways in which cutting tools can be recycled. Some examples are used up extra long drill [1] and used up crankshaft grinding wheel [2]. Used up indexable inserts can also be reused by grinding a groove to remove the blunt/dull portion [3], selecting an application where the unused portion of a large cutting edge can be put to reuse [4], reuse by grinding a corner radius to remove the blunt/dull portion [5]. This article explains the concept of reuse of used up tangentially mounted plain inserts and shows that such mounting is best suited for the recycling of indexable inserts and can substantially reduce the tool cost. This recycle can reduce the consumption by almost 50% or more depending on the nature of dullness of insert during the initial use. Conserving natural resources is therefore a good possibility.
X