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Technical Paper

Structure Borne Noise and Vibration Reduction of a Sports Utility Vehicle by Body-Mount Dynamic Stiffness Optimization

Among the key parameters that decide the success of a vehicle in today's competitive market are quietness of passenger cabin (in respect of both airborne and structure-borne noise) and low levels of disturbing vibration felt by the occupants. To control these values in body-on-frame construction vehicles, it is necessary to identify major transfer paths and optimize the isolation characteristics of the elastomeric mounts placed at several locations between a frame and the enclosed passenger cabin of the vehicle. These body mounts play a dominant role in controlling the structure-borne noise and vibrations at floor and seat rails resulting from engine and driveline excitations, and they are also a vital element in the vehicle ride comfort tuning across a wide frequency range. In the work described in this paper, transfer path tracking was used to identify root cause for the higher noise and vibration levels of a diesel-powered sports utility vehicle.
Technical Paper

Development & Calibration of a Rain-Light Sensor and Controller for Indian Market

Modern vehicles complexity is increasing to meet the demands of user. Automatic wiper and headlamp activation system using rain light sensor, (RLS) is one of the popular customer requirement. RLS is a combination of an infrared rain sensor and an optical light sensor. The RLS and controller operate the front wiper once it detects rain droplets on the windscreen. It switches on the headlamps automatically when while vehicles enter in to the tunnel. During integration of a rain light sensor on a vehicle the following should be considered: customer usage pattern, environmental factors, light intensity, raining pattern and vehicle architecture limitations. This paper illustrates the methodology used calibrated a pre-developed rain light sensor for specific markets like India.
Technical Paper

Design Methods to Optimize the Performance of Controller Area Networks

This literature is in the field of communication networks where different Electronic Control Units (ECUs) communicate with each other over Controller Area Network (CAN) protocol. Typically these types of CAN networks are widely used in automotive vehicles, plant automations, etc. This proposed method is applicable in all such applications where controller area network is used as backbone electrical architecture. This literature proposes a new method of CAN signal packing into CAN frames so that network bus-load is minimized so that more number of CAN signals can be packed and more number of ECUs can be accommodated within a CAN network. The proposed method also ensures that the age of each CAN signal is minimized and all CAN signals reach the intended receiving ECUs within their maximum allowed age. Typically network designers are forced to design and develop multiple sub-networks and network gateways to get rid of network bus-load.
Technical Paper

Performance Driven Package Feasibility of Side Restraints Using KBE Tools

Integrating safety features may lead to changes in vehicle interior component designs. Considering this complexity, design guidelines have to take care of aspects which may help in package feasibility studies that consider systems performance requirements. Occupant restraints systems for protection in side crashes generally comprise of Side Airbag (SAB) and Curtain Airbag (IC). These components have to be integrated considering design and styling aspects of interior trims, seat contours and body structure for performance efficient package definition. In side crashes, occupant injury risk increases due to hard contact with intruding structure. This risk could be minimized by cushioning the occupant contact through provision of SAB and Inflatable IC. This paper explains the methodology for deciding the package definitions using Knowlwdge Based Engineering (KBE) tools.
Technical Paper

Challenges to Meet New Noise Regulations and New Noise Limits for M and N Category Vehicles

New noise regulations, with reduced noise limits, have been proposed by UN-ECE. A new method which aims at representing urban driving of the vehicles more closely on roads is proposed and is considerably different from the existing one (IS 3028:1998). It is more complex; we also found that some of the low powered vehicles can not be tested as per this method. The paper proposes ways of improvement in the test method. The new noise reduction policy options will have a considerable impact on compliance of many categories of vehicles. Technological challenges, before the manufacturers, to meet all performance needs of the vehicle along with the cost of development will be critical to meet the new noise limits in the proposed time frame.
Technical Paper

Development of Accelerated Life Test Schedule for Rig Testing of Live Axles Based on Road Load Data and Its Correlation with Field

Drive components of live axle undergoes different loading conditions during field usage depending upon terrain conditions, vehicle loading and traffic conditions etc. During vehicle running, drive components of axle experiences variable torque levels, which results in the fatigue damage of the components. Testing of these drive components of axle on test rig for endurance life is an imperative part of axle development, owing to limitations of vehicle testing because of time and cost involved. Similarly, correlating field failures with rig testing is equally critical. In such situation, if a test cycle is derived correlating the field usage, rig testing can be effectively used for accelerated life testing and reliability prediction of these components. An approach is presented in the paper wherein test cycle is derived based on the data collected on vehicle in the field under service road and loading conditions.
Technical Paper

Optimization of Air Intake System and Exhaust System for Better Performance of Turbocharged Gasoline Engine

Gasoline engines with Multi point fuel injection (MPFI) technology are being developed with naturally aspirated and/or turbocharged engines. Wherein a MPFI and turbo charged combination engines have certain challenges during development stages. One of the important challenge is design of air intake and exhaust system. With MPFI turbocharged engine combination, the under bonnet heat management is crucial task for drivability. The heat management of air intake plays a vital role in drivability part therefore a design layout of air intake path is an important aspect. Drivability can be categorized as low end, mid-range and top end drivability. Turbocharged MPFI engines have a typical phenomenon of ‘Lag in response’ in the low-end region. This ‘Lag in response’ phenomenon at low-end drivability region can be overcome through optimization of air intake system and optimization of exhaust back pressure.