Refine Your Search

Topic

Search Results

Viewing 1 to 11 of 11
Journal Article

An Intelligent Alternator Control Mechanism for Energy Recuperation and Fuel Efficiency Improvement

2013-04-08
2013-01-1750
With the current state of ever rising fuel prices and unavailability of affordable alternate technologies, significant research and development efforts have been invested in recent times towards improving fuel efficiency of vehicles powered with conventional internal combustion engines. To achieve this, a varied approach has been adopted by researchers to cover the entire energy chain including fuel quality, combustion quality, power generation efficiency, down-sizing, power consumption efficiency, etc. Apart from energy generation, distribution and consumption, another domain that has been subjected to significant scrutiny is energy recuperation or recovery. A moving vehicle and a running engine provide a number of opportunities for useful back-recovery and storage of energy. The most significant sources for recuperation are the kinetic energy of the moving vehicle or running engine and to a lesser extent the thermal energy from medium such as exhaust gas.
Technical Paper

Experimental Studies on the Effect of Vaporizer Heating and Transition Temperature in a Bi-Fuel LPG Vehicle

2011-01-19
2011-26-0006
Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG)-powered vehicles use a pressure regulator/vaporizer to expand and modulate the gas pressure to meet the engine's operational demands. This expansion process is accompanied by a phase change wherein liquid LPG is converted to its gaseous form. This consequently reduces the temperature of the working fluid which may result in freezing (Joule-Thompson effect). In order to aid complete phase change and avoid any freezing, the vaporizer is heated either electrically or by the engine coolant circulation. Any inefficiency in the heating may lead to improper phase change and can result in a phenomenon known as "liquid carryover," wherein a liquid LPG gets entrained in the downstream gas circuit where the gaseous form is demanded. The liquid carryover (if any) leads to the improper engine functioning leading to driveability and emission issues.
Journal Article

Body Induced Boom Noise Control by Hybrid Integrated Approach for a Passenger Car

2013-05-13
2013-01-1920
Vehicle incab booming perception, a low frequency response of the structure to the various excitations presents a challenging task for the NVH engineers. The excitation to the structure causing boom can either be power train induced, depending upon the number of cylinders or the road inputs, while transfer paths for the excitation is mainly through the power train mounts or the suspension attachments to the body. The body responds to those input excitations by virtue of the dynamic behavior mainly governed by its modal characteristics. This paper explains in detail an integrated approach, of both experimental and numerical techniques devised to investigate the mechanism for boom noise generation. It is therefore important, to understand the modal behavior of the structure. The modal characteristics from the structural modal test enable to locate the natural frequencies and mode shapes of the body, which are likely to get excited due to the operating excitations.
Technical Paper

Development of Cost Effective Non-Permeable and Leak-Proof Air Inlet System Ducting for Turbocharged Intercooled Modern Diesel Engine

2012-04-16
2012-01-0959
The modern trend of engine downsizing for CO₂ reduction coupled with stringent emission norms compel the engine air inlet system to outperform the conventional designs. Modern turbo diesel engine air inlet system handles higher & higher air flow, boost pressure and temperature. Air inlet system ducting designs have become complex due to oil particles (received through PCV system), engine movement and isolation for NVH. Air inlet ducting failures; like oil mist leakage through joints and seepage through hose wall cause high engine oil consumption and most predominantly environment damage. Also to some extent boost leakage in certain operating conditions. These failures reduce the reliability and performance of engine in certain conditions. This paper discusses design and development of cost-effective non-permeable and leak-proof hose-piping system for turbocharged diesel engine where PCV system was connected to air inlet system.
Technical Paper

FE Prediction of Thermal Performance and Stresses in a Disc Brake System

2006-10-31
2006-01-3558
The brake system is one of the most critical systems in the automotive vehicle. Its design is a challenging task since stringent performance and packaging requirements are to be fully met - optimizing the brake performance and weight of the brake system. The brake disc is an important component in the braking system which is expected to withstand and dissipate the heat generated during the braking event. Validation of brake disc design through CAE/FEA is presented in this paper. The procedure for prediction of thermal performance was developed in-house, tuned and verified by correlating with Test data available for existing-design and then applied to the new-design brake disc. The correlation achieved for the existing-design brake disc (both solid and ventilated), procedure for prediction of thermo-mechanical performance (heat transfer coefficient estimation, temperature distribution etc.) are also included.
Technical Paper

Sensitivity Analysis of Windshield Defrost Characteristics Impact on Occupant Thermal Comfort

2017-03-28
2017-01-0143
During cabin warm-up, effective air distribution by vehicle climate control systems plays a vital role. For adequate visibility to the driver, major portion of the air is required to be delivered through the defrost center ducts to clear the windshield. HVAC unit deliver hot air with help of cabin heater and PTC heater. When hot air interacts with cold windshield it causes thermal losses, and windshield act as sink. This process may causes in delay of cabin warming during consecutive cabin warming process. Thus it becomes essential to predict the effect of different windscreen defrost characteristics. In this paper, sensitivity analysis is carried for different windscreen defrosts characteristics like ambient conditions, modes of operation; change in material properties along with occupant thermal comfort is predicted. An integrated 1D/3D CFD approach is proposed to evaluate these conditions.
Technical Paper

Thermal Performance Prediction of Jet Lubricated Transmission System using Computational Methods

2017-10-08
2017-01-2437
The jet lubrication method is extensively used in the constant mesh high performance transmission system operating at range of speeds though it affects mechanical efficiency through spin power loss. The lubrication jet has a key role to maintain the meshing gears at non-fatal thermal equilibrium by effectively dissipating the heat generated to the surrounding. Heat transfer coefficient (HTC) is the indicator of the thermal behavior of the system, which provides great insight of efficient lubrication system that needs to be employed for prescribed type of transmission. In this study, a segment of the transmission unit which constitutes a gear pair is used for the simulation. Parametric study is carried out by considering the critical parameters affecting the thermal performance such as lubrication jet flow rate and rotational motions of the gears with speeds and temperatures.
Technical Paper

Design of Experiments Enabled CFD Approach for Optimizing Cooling Fan Performance

2014-04-01
2014-01-0658
Increasing demands on engine power to meet increased load carrying capacity and adherence to emission norms have necessitated the need to improve thermal management system of the vehicle. The efficiency of the vehicle cooling system strongly depends on the fan and fan-shroud design and, designing an optimum fan and fan-shroud has been a challenge for the designer. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) techniques are being increasingly used to perform virtual tests to predict and optimize the performance of fan and fan-shroud assembly. However, these CFD based optimization are mostly based on a single performance parameter. In addition, the sequential choice of input parameters in such optimization exercise leads to a large number of CFD simulations that are required to optimize the performance over the complete range of design and operating envelope. As a result, the optimization is carried out over a limited range of design and operating envelope only.
Technical Paper

An Engine Stop Start System with Driver Behavior Learning and Adaption for Improving the User Experience

2018-04-03
2018-01-0609
Engine Stop/Start System (ESS) promises to reduce greenhouse emissions and improve fuel economy of vehicles. Previous work of the Authors was concentrated on bridging the gap of improvement in fuel economy promised by ESS under standard laboratory conditions and actual driving conditions. Findings from the practical studies lead to a conclusion that ESS is not so popular among the customers, due to the complexities of the system operation and poor integration of the system design with the driver behavior. In addition, due to various functional safety requirements, and traffic conditions, actual benefits of ESS are reduced. A modified control algorithm was proposed and proven for the local driving conditions in India. The ways in which a given driver behaves on the controls of the vehicles like Clutch and Brake Pedals, Gear Shift Lever were not uniform across the demography of study and varied significantly.
Technical Paper

Design & Development of Metal Matrix Based Mounting Bracket for Commercial Vehicle Application

2020-09-25
2020-28-0463
Automakers are being subjected to increasingly strict fuel economy requirements which led OEMs to focus more on Light weighting and Energy efficiency areas. Considering the aforesaid challenges, efforts have been taken in Light weighting of mounting bracket for Engine application. This paper deals with conversion of Engine accessory bracket from Aluminum material to Metal Matrix composite (MMC). In Design phase, existing bracket has been studied for its structural requirements and further Bracket is designed to meet MMC process requirement and CAE carried out for topology optimization and Structural integrity. Finally observations and results were compared for Existing design and Proposed design and further optimization proposed.
Technical Paper

Improved Calculation Methodology for Design of Connecting Rod Considering Fatigue Loads and Stresses in IC Engine

2020-09-25
2020-28-0335
In this work, Calculations and design of connecting rod of IC engine is performed in innovative way. Calculation point of view, Con rod is the utmost critical component of IC Engine as it is the part which translates reciprocating forces into rotary forces and thus creates unbalance in engine. From the functionality point of view, connecting rod must have the higher inertia at the lowest weight. Different forces acting on con rod are: - Peak combustion pressure, inertia force of reciprocating masses, Weight of Reciprocating parts and frictional forces due to cylinder wall thrust. It experiences complex forces of compression and tensile in cyclic manner, which repeats after each 720 (in case of 4 stroke) or 360 (in case of 2 stroke) phase of degree. Hence, the design calculations are analyzed for the axial compressive as well as axial tensile loads considering the fatigue strength of con rod. This literature computes the required size and strength in the critical areas of failure.
X