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Technical Paper

Global Trends in Motor Vehicle Pollution Control - A 1988 Perspective

The purpose of this paper is to review and summarize recent trends around the world regarding motor vehicle pollution control. It shows the persistence of and in some cases worsening of motor vehicle related pollution problems, the increasing spread of advanced pollution control technologies including catalytic converters to address these problems, and the push to extend the capability of these advanced technologies to attain even lower pollution levels under a greater variety of actual operating conditions. As the global vehicle population continues to grow, the impact on global warming is assessed.
Technical Paper

Worldwide Developments in Motor Vehicle Pollution Control - A 1987 Overview

Most of the major industrialized areas of the world have been experiencing serious motor vehicle pollution problems over the last decade. The motor vehicle pollution control programs which have have been developed to deal with the effects have led to tremendous advances in gasoline car control technologies. Similar technologies are under intensive development for diesel cars and trucks. Several developing countries are now experiencing similar air pollution problems. This paper surveys the most recent data regarding adverse environmental impacts resulting from motor vehicles, reviews technologies developed to address these problems, and summarizes the current status around the world.
Technical Paper

The Internationalization of Vehicle Emissions Control Regulation

Emission control legislation has been adopted by many countries around the world. Increasingly, countries are choosing “environmentally friendly” motor vehicles. The purpose of this study is to review the basis for environmental concern with motor vehicles, to summarize the status of control programs and to assess the advantages of harmonizing the individual pollution control programs which are being developed.
Technical Paper

Global Warming: The Implication for Alternative Fuel

This paper will review the potential need for and environmental gains from the use of alternative fuels in vehicles to address urban air pollution. Then the global warming problem and the role of motor vehicles presently and in the future will be assessed. Finally, the positive and negative consequences of alternative fuels from this perspective will be analyzed. In summary, this paper will show that while there are potentially significant concerns, if appropriate government policies are adopted alternative fuels have the potential to substantially improve both local and global environmental problems and should be a key element of both strategies.
Technical Paper

Worldwide Developments in Motor Vehicle Diesel Particulate Control

The purpose of this paper is to review and summarize recent trends around the world regarding diesel vehicles, the health effects associated with diesel particulate, and the actions taken by governments to reduce these emissions. Further, the paper will summarize manufacturer efforts to develop control technologies for diesel particulate.
Technical Paper

The U.S. Motor Vehicle Emissions Compliance Program-Should Recall be Scrapped?

This paper examines one aspect of the in-use compliance program - recall. It reviews the existing program and its evolution, evaluates a variety of the modifications which have been suggested and proposes some specific changes which would retain the overall goals while resulting in some increased flexibility and therefore some potential cost savings compared to the existing program.