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Technical Paper

ELPO-Capable Polyurea RRIM Advancements for Automotive Body Panels

1998-02-23
980987
Continued development of Reinforced Reaction Injection Molding (RRIM) polyurea polymers for toughness, blister resistance and large-part processing as exterior vertical body panels has launched ELPO-compatible exterior outers into automotive assembly-line operations. This allows automotive OEM design to take advantage of the unique molding shapes for side outers and fenders while reducing weight, assembly (DFA) and time/operations costs (DFM). Polyurea RRIM body panels have been successful in meeting the demanding auto industry requirement for lightweight, damage-resistant exterior outer panels as an economical alternative to steel. Design freedom advantages, low prototype cost and tooling savings through predictive modelling have allowed the commercial use of RRIM body panels. This high-temperature-resistant polyurea RRIM composite allows on-line painting, including passing through the steel corrosion protection primer (E-coat) cure environments.
Technical Paper

The Effect of Non-Metallic Inclusions on the Properties of Die Cast Magnesium

1997-02-24
970331
The effect of non-metallic inclusions (NMIs) on the properties of die cast magnesium was investigated. NMI content was quantified by a newly developed light reflectance technique. The mechanical properties of optimized AM60B test bars were found to decrease at high inclusion levels. Low inclusion levels did not statistically reduce the mechanical properties of AM60B as compared to virgin metal. Argon-refined AM60B displayed mechanical properties that were indistinguishable from virgin alloy. AZ91D test plates were die cast at various cleanliness levels. After salt spray testing, it was found that the surface quality of the castings was slightly degraded at high NMI levels. The general corrosion performance was also affected, but paint adhesion was relatively unaffected. At high NMI levels, the corrosion performance was still better than 380 A. Machinability of the AZ91D test plates was quantified by measuring tool wear and cutting forces.
Technical Paper

The Critical Contaminant Limits and Salt Water Corrosion Performance of Magnesium AE42 Alloy

1992-02-01
920073
The magnesium alloy AE42 (nominally a 4 % aluminum, 2 % rare earth alloy of magnesium) is a developmental die cast alloy with good strength and creep resistance at elevated temperatures. Standard salt spray corrosion tests have been used with controlled purity AE42 die castings to define the critical iron, nickel and copper contaminant levels below which excellent corrosion performance can be obtained. As previously observed with the magnesium alloys AZ91, AM60, and AS41, the critical iron content is dependent upon the manganese content of the alloy. While the iron:manganese tolerance for AE42 is about the same as that of AM60, the tolerance for the nickel and copper contaminants is greater than that of AZ91. When each of these contaminants is less than the critical level, the salt spray performance was equal to or better than die cast 380 aluminum and cold rolled steel.
Technical Paper

High Purity Magnesium AM60 Alloy: The Critical Contaminant Limits and the Salt Water Corrosion Performance

1986-02-01
860288
Standard salt spray corrosion tests have been used with controlled purity AM60 castings to define the critical iron, nickel, and copper contaminant levels below which excellent corrosion performance can be obtained. As previously observed with the AZ91 alloy, the iron solubility and the corrosion tolerance limit for iron are dependent upon the manganese content of the metal. The zinc free AM60 alloy has a somewhat lower tolerance for all three of the critical contaminants when compared to AZ91, but when the three contaminants are below their individual tolerance limits, the salt spray performance is again equal to or better than die cast 380 aluminum and cold rolled steel.
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