Influence of Hardness Variation and Defects on Fatigue Behavior of Automotive Steels
Fatigue behavior of two types of automotive steel, quenched and tempered SUJ2 and carburized SCM820PRH, which are applied as powertrain parts are studied. These two types of steel are different in their hardness distribution from surface to core. The hardness of quenched and tempered SUJ2 is homogenous, in contrast to that of carburized SCM820PRH (SCM) which decreases from surface to core. These steels are investigated in terms of their monotonic tensile properties and fatigue behavior. A number of predictive methods were used to describe the fatigue behavior of these steels. A simple predictive method is based on approximation of S-N curve from ultimate tensile strength. The well-known Murakami’s defect area method was also applied for the prediction of the high cycle fatigue strength.