Predicting the Battery Residual Usable Energy under Dynamic Conditions: a Novel Adaptive Method with Enhanced Performance
Electric vehicle (EV) is a worldwide researching focus due to its environmental friendliness, but the inaccurate Remaining Driving Range (RDR) estimation hinders the EVs' popularity, and an accurate determination of the battery Residual Usable Energy (RUE) is the key factor to obtain a precise RDR value. A common RUE estimation method is based on State-of-Charge (SOC) estimation, in which the RUE is proportionally related to the current SOC. However, the battery voltage varies significantly under real-world conditions, and the traditional method results in certain estimation errors. An adaptive RUE prediction method (AEP) is introduced in this paper, in which the dynamic voltage is predicted based on the future discharge profile and a battery model, while the RUE is then calculated by the predicted voltage and current sequences.