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Technical Paper

Edge Trimming of CFRP with Diamond Interlocking Tools

In the present work we studied the edge trimming process of CFRP with a diamond interlocking “burr” tool. Measurements of tool wear, surface roughness, spindle power and delamination depth were performed for different combinations of spindle speed and feed rate and were subsequently used to characterize machining quality. It was found that direct wear measurement for this type of cutting tool is not conclusive and thus not suitable for assessing tool life and machining quality. Instead, indirect indicators of tool wear were found more suitable for this purpose. Using these indirect methods an equation for tool life was defined and parameters for optimum machining quality were determined.
Technical Paper

Hole Quality Assurance by Optimization of Drilling Parameters for Carbon Fiber Composite Material

Composites are finding more and more applications in the aircraft industry. Drilling good quality holes is a major challenge for the manufacturing industry. The major factors which have an effect on hole quality are cutting parameters like speed and feedrate, machine rigidity, tool material, workpiece material, and tool geometry. The hole quality was studied by measuring the hole diameter and visually observing other parameters like shape and fiber breakout. Force analysis indicates that thrust increases with an increase in feedrate. Speed does not seem to have a very significant effect on thrust. The tool geometry plays a very important role in fiber pullout.
Technical Paper

Predictive Monitoring and Failure Prevention of Vehicle Electronic Components and Sensor Systems

Vehicle electronics and sensor systems have become indispensable parts in providing safety, comfort, personal communication mobility and many other advanced functions in today's vehicles. As a result, reliability requirements for these critical parts have become extremely important. To meet these requirements, more advanced technologies and tools for degradation monitoring and failure prevention are needed. Currently, the development of diagnostics and prognostics techniques, which employ accurate degradation quantification by appropriate sensor selection, location decision, and feature selection and feature fusion, still remains a vital and unsolved issue. This paper addresses several realistic concerns of failure prevention in vehicle electronics and sensor systems. A unified monitoring and prognostics approach that prevents failures by analyzing degradation features, driven by physics-of-failure, is suggested as a general framework to overcome the unsolved challenge.
Technical Paper

Edge Trimming of CFRP Composites with Diamond Coated Tools: Edge Wear and Surface Characteristics

The work presented here illustrates the wear behavior of CVD diamond coated carbide tools during the machining of carbon fiber-reinforced composites. Cutting experiments were conducted on a CNC milling machine for edge trimming of a 9-mm thick multi-layered carbon fiber-reinforced epoxy laminate in a climb cutting configuration. The effects of feed speed and diamond film thickness on the wear behavior of the coated tools were determined. In addition, characteristics of the worn cutting edge were studied using optical and scanning electron microscopes. It was shown that diamond coated tools generally performed better than the uncoated tools under all conditions. Uniform wear by abrasion of the diamond film, without exposing the substrate, was obtained when cutting at low feed speeds with thicker coatings. At higher feed speeds the wear of the coated tools was characterized by abrasion through the diamond film and exposure and wear of the substrate.