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Standard

COMPARISON OF GROUND-RUNUP AND FLYOVER NOISE LEVELS

2002-12-16
CURRENT
AIR1216
Because of the special circumstances under which these tests were conducted, it is necessary to carefully define the limitations on the validity of the results. The measurements and the comparisons reported here apply only to the specific locations of the noise sources and microphones and only for the specific weather and ground-surface conditions existing at the time of the tests. It cannot be assumed that these conditions are representative of most field measurements of aircraft exterior noise.
Standard

Procedure for the Calculation of Aircraft Emissions

2018-01-25
WIP
AIR5715A
This AIR describes procedures for calculating emissions resulting from the main engines of commercial jet and turboprop aircraft through all modes of operation for all segments of a flight. Piston engine aircraft emissions are not included in this AIR. Some information about piston engine aircraft emissions can be found in FOCA 2007. The principal purpose of the procedures is to assist model developers in calculating aircraft emissions in a consistent and accurate manner that can be used to address various environmental assessments including those related to policy decisions and regulatory requirements.
Standard

Method for Predicting Lateral Attenuation of Airplane Noise

2006-04-20
CURRENT
AIR5662
This document describes analytical methods for calculating the attenuation of the level of the sound propagating from an airplane to locations on the ground and to the side of the flight path of an airplane during ground roll, climbout after liftoff, and landing operations. Both level and non-level ground scenarios may be modeled using these methods, however application is only directly applicable to terrain without significant undulations, which may cause multiple reflections and/or multiple shielding effects. This attenuation is termed lateral attenuation and is in excess of the attenuation from wave divergence and atmospheric absorption.
Standard

Procedure for the Calculation of Aircraft Emissions

2009-07-27
CURRENT
AIR5715
This AIR describes procedures for calculating emissions resulting from the main engines of commercial jet and turboprop aircraft through all modes of operation for all segments of a flight. Piston engine aircraft emissions are not included in this AIR. Some information about piston engine aircraft emissions can be found in FOCA 2007. The principal purpose of the procedures is to assist model developers in calculating aircraft emissions in a consistent and accurate manner that can be used to address various environmental assessments including those related to policy decisions and regulatory requirements.
Standard

Ground-Plane Microphone Configuration for Propeller-Driven Light-Aircraft Noise Measurement

1988-01-01
CURRENT
ARP4055
The scope of this ARP embraces the description of a configuration for a ground-plane microphone installation that may be used to determine sound pressure levels equivalent to those which would have been measured in an acoustic freefield at the microphone location. The one-third - octave-band center-frequency range over which equivalent freefield sound pressure levels may be obtained is from as low as 50 Hz to at least as high as 10,000 Hz. The specific application of the measurement technique described in this ARP is the determination of the equivalent freefield sound pressure levels of the noise produced by propeller-driven light aircraft, in flight, for sound incidence angles within 30 degrees of the normal to the ground. For larger angles to the normal, additional adjustments may be necessary which are outside the scope of this ARP.
Standard

Measurement of Exterior Noise Produced by Aircraft Auxiliary Power Units (APUs) and Associated Aircraft Systems During Ground Operation

2013-07-19
WIP
ARP1307C
Test procedures are described for measuring noise at specific receiver locations (passenger and cargo doors, and servicing positions) and for conducting general noise surveys around aircraft. Procedures are also described for measuring noise level and directivity at noise source locations to facilitate the understanding and interpretation of the data. Requirements are identified with respect to instrumentation; acoustic and atmospheric environment; data acquisition, reduction and presentation, and such other information as is needed for reporting the results. This document makes no provision for predicting APU or component noise from basic engine characteristics or design parameters, nor for measuring noise of more than one aircraft operating at the same time. No attempt is made to suggest acceptable levels of noise or suitable subjective criteria for judging acceptability. ICAO Annex 16 Volume I Attachment C provides guidance on recommended maximum noise levels.
Standard

Monitoring Aircraft Noise and Operations in the Vicinity of Airports: System Description, Acquisition, and Operation

2006-08-28
CURRENT
ARP4721/1
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) provides engineering methods that can be applied to monitoring aircraft noise and operations in the vicinity of airports using either attended or unattended monitoring systems, as well as methods for validation of measurement results from permanent systems. Part 1 provides guidance on the components, installation and administration of permanent systems and guidance on analysis of data collected from temporary monitoring of aircraft noise. A separate document, Part 2, describes both system screening tests and detailed test methods for validating the data reported by permanently installed systems. This document is intended as a guide toward standard practice and is subject to change with experience and technical advances. Potential users include: airport proprietors, airport neighbors, federal, state and local government agencies, equipment vendors and other public bodies and officials.
Standard

Application of Pure-Tone Atmospheric Absorption Losses to One-Third Octave-Band Data

2013-08-10
CURRENT
ARP5534
This document presents a practical method for calculating atmospheric absorption for wide-band sounds analyzed with one-third octave-band filters, called the SAE Method. The SAE Method utilizes pure-tone attenuation algorithms originally published in ISO 9613-1 and ANSI S1.26-1995 to calculate path-length attenuation at mid-band frequencies. The equations introduced in this standard transform the pure-tone, mid-band attenuation to one-third octave-band attenuation. The purpose of this guidance document is to extend the useful attenuation range of the Approximate Method outlined in ANSI S1.26-1995, and to replace ARP866A. Calculation of sound attenuation caused by mechanisms other than atmospheric absorption such as divergence, refraction, scattering due to turbulence, ground reflections, or non-linear propagation effects, is outside the scope of this document.
Standard

Measurement of Exterior Noise Produced by Aircraft Auxiliary Power Units (APUs) and Associated Equipment During Ground Operation

1987-12-01
HISTORICAL
ARP1307A
Test procedures are described for measuring noise at specific locations (passenger and cargo doors, and servicing positions) and for conducting general noise surveys around aircraft. Requirements are identified with respect to instrumentation; acoustic and atmospheric environment; data acquisition, reduction and presentation, and such other information as is needed for reporting the results. Recommended procedures involve recording data on magnetic tape for subsequent processing. The use of tape-recorder/time-integrating analyzer systems avoids the need to average by eye the variations associated with manual readings from sound level meters and octave band analyzers and, therefore, yields more accurate results. This document makes no provision for predicting APU noise from basic engine characteristics, nor for measuring noise of more than one aircraft operating at the same time.
Standard

MEASUREMENT OF EXTERIOR NOISE PRODUCED BY AIRCRAFT AUXILIARY POWER UNITS (APUs) AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT DURING GROUND OPERATION

1979-03-01
HISTORICAL
ARP1307
Test procedures are described for measuring noise at specific locations (passenger and cargo doors, and servicing positions) and for conducting general noise surveys around aircraft. Requirements are identified with respect to instrumentation; acoustic and atmospheric environment; data acquisition, reduction and presentation, and such other information as is needed for reporting the results. Recommended procedures involve recording data on magnetic tape for subsequent processing. The use of tape-recorder/time-integrating analyzer systems avoids the need to average by eye the variations associated with manual readings from sound level meters and octave band analyzers and therefore yields more accurate results. This document makes no provision for predicting APU noise from basic engine characteristics, nor for measuring noise of more than one aircraft operating at the same time.
Standard

Measurement of Rotorcraft Interior Sound Pressure Levels

2012-08-16
CURRENT
ARP1964A
Satisfactory measurements of noise in personnel-occupied rotorcraft cabins may require test techniques different from those prescribed for other types of aircraft (ARP1323) because rotorcraft operate under significantly different flight conditions. Recommendations of this ARP apply to the recording of acoustical data on magnetic tape and the subsequent processing and analysis of the recorded data.
Standard

MEASUREMENT OF ROTORCRAFT INTERIOR SOUND PRESSURE LEVELS

1993-05-01
HISTORICAL
ARP1964
Satisfactory measurements of noise in personnel-occupied rotorcraft cabins may require test techniques different from those prescribed for other types of aircraft (ARP1323) because rotorcraft operate under significantly different flight conditions. Recommendations of this ARP apply to the recording of acoustical data on magnetic tape and the subsequent processing and analysis of the recorded data.
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