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Standard

ELASTOMER COMPATIBILITY CONSIDERATIONS RELATIVE TO O-RING AND SEALANT SELECTION

1972-04-18
HISTORICAL
AIR786A
This document contains data relative to the chemical nature of aerospace fluids and relates each to its effect upon elastomeric components. Since the compatibilities of elastomers are determined by the compounding as well as the nature of the base polymer, the elastomers considered are limited to finished compounds for which material or performance specifications could be referenced.
Standard

Elastomer Compatibility Considerations Relative to Elastomeric Sealant Selection

2014-11-06
CURRENT
AIR786B
This document contains data relative to the chemical nature of aerospace fluids and relates each to its empirical effect upon elastomeric components. Since the compatibilities of elastomers are determined by the compounding as well as the nature of the base polymer, the elastomers considered are limited to finished compounds for which material or performance specifications can be referenced.
Standard

Metallic Seal Rings for High Temperature Reciprocating Hydraulic Service

2011-12-19
CURRENT
AIR1077A
An attempt has been made to consider all features of seal ring design including configuration, materials, hardness, dimensions, surface finishes, surface treatment, leak testing, and general quality. In addition to this, allowable cylinder breathing and general quality requirements of mating hardware are discussed. Also, at the end of this report, there is a brief paragraph on other types of seal rings.
Standard

METALLIC SEAL RINGS FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE RECIPROCATING HYDRAULIC SERVICE

1969-11-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1077
An attempt has been made to consider all features of seal ring design including configuration, materials, hardness, dimensions, surface finishes, surface treatment, leak testing, and general quality. In addition to this, allowable cylinder breathing and general quality requirements of mating hardware are discussed. Also, at the end of this report, there is a brief paragraph on other types of seal rings.
Standard

Gland Design, Computation of Seal Squeeze and Gland Volume

2013-06-18
CURRENT
ARP4727B
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) presents two BASIC language computer programs to promote and standardize the computation of installed O-ring cross-section deflection hereafter referred to as "squeeze" and the computation of gland volume. The two programs were written with line numbers and without use of any system specific BASIC commands to allow usage with as many systems as possible with a minimum of editing. The programs support entry of customary U.S. or metric dimensions.
Standard

Retainers (Back-Up Rings), Hydraulic and Pneumatic, Polytetrafluoroethylene Resin, Single Turn, Static Gland

2006-04-12
HISTORICAL
AS5860
This Aerospace Standard (AS) covers scarf-cut polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) retainers (back-up rings) for use in static glands in accordance with AS5857. They are for use in hydraulic and pneumatic system components as anti-extrusion devices in conjunction with O-rings, packings and other elastomeric seals. Because of the construction of groove dimensions, back-ups specific to rod applications are designated “R” - Rod (Female), back-ups specific to piston applications are designated “P” - Piston (Male). Retainers specified herein have been designed for a temperature range of -65 °F to 275 °F (-54 °C to 135 °C) and a nominal operating pressure of 3000 psi (20.7 MPa) for code 09 material and 5000 psi (34.5 MPa) for code 10 material. Material codes are based on AMS 3678 material types.
Standard

Retainers, (Back-Up Rings), Hydraulic and Pneumatic, Polytetrafluoroethylene Resin, Single Turn, Static Gland

2009-02-11
HISTORICAL
AS5860A
This Aerospace Standard (AS) covers scarf-cut polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) retainers (back-up rings) for use in static glands in accordance with AS5857. They are for use in hydraulic and pneumatic system components as anti-extrusion devices in conjunction with O-rings, packings and other elastomeric seals. Because of the construction of groove dimensions, back-ups specific to rod applications are designated “R” - Rod (Female), back-ups specific to piston applications are designated “P” - Piston (Male). Retainers specified herein have been designed for a temperature range of -65 °F to 275 °F (-54 °C to 135 °C) and a nominal operating pressure of 3000 psi (20.7 MPa) for code 09 material and 5000 psi (34.5 MPa) for code 10 material. Material codes are based on AMS3678 material types.
Standard

Retainers, (Back-Up Rings), Hydraulic and Pneumatic, Polytetrafluoroethylene Resin, Solid, Static Gland

2005-12-14
HISTORICAL
AS5861
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers solid polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) retainers (back-up rings) for use in static glands in accordance with AS5857. They are for use in hydraulic and pneumatic system components as anti-extrusion devices in conjunction with O-rings, packings and other elastomeric seals. Because of the construction of groove dimensions, back-ups specific to rod applications are designated “R” - Rod (Female), back-ups specific to piston applications are designated “P” - Piston (Male). Retainers specified herein have been designed for a temperature range of -65 to 275 °F (-54 to 135 °C) and a nominal operating pressure of 3000 psi (20.6 MPa) for code 09 material and 5000 psi (34.3 MPa) for code 10 material. Material codes are based on AMS 3678 material types.
Standard

Retainers, (Back-Up Rings), Hydraulic and Pneumatic, Polytetrafluoroethylene Resin, Single Turn, Static Gland

2014-11-20
CURRENT
AS5860B
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers scarf-cut polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) retainers (back-up rings) for use in static glands in accordance with AS5857. They are for use in hydraulic and pneumatic system components as anti-extrusion devices in conjunction with O-rings, packings and other elastomeric seals. Because of the construction of groove dimensions, back-ups specific to rod applications are designated “R” - Rod (Female), back-ups specific to piston applications are designated “P” - Piston (Male). Retainers specified herein have been designed for a temperature range of -65 to 275 °F (-54 to 135 °C) and a nominal operating pressure of 3000 psi (20.7 MPa) for code 09 material and 5000 psi (34.5 MPa) for code 10 material. Material codes are based on AMS3678 material types.
Standard

Retainers, (Back-Up Rings), Hydraulic and Pneumatic, Polytetrafluoroethylene Resin, Solid, Static Gland

2015-07-04
CURRENT
AS5861A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) covers solid polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) retainers (back-up rings) for use in static glands in accordance with AS5857. They are for use in hydraulic and pneumatic system components as anti-extrusion devices in conjunction with O-rings, packings and other elastomeric seals. Because of the construction of groove dimensions, back-ups specific to rod applications are designated “R” - Rod (Female), back-ups specific to piston applications are designated “P” - Piston (Male). Retainers specified herein have been designed for a temperature range of −65 to 275 °F (−54 to 135 °C) and a nominal operating pressure of 3000 psi (20 684 kPa) for code 09 material and 5000 psi (34 474 kPa) for code 10 material. Material codes are based on AMS3678 material types.
Standard

Aerospace Rod Scraper Gland Design Standard

2006-03-10
HISTORICAL
AS4088C
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines gland details for rod diameters from 1/4 to 15-1/2 in. inclusive corresponding to AS568 O-Ring Dash No. sizes -108/-111, -206/-222, -325/-349 and -425/-460. The gland details herein provide more space than MS33675 and sufficient to fit more efficient and reliable excludion devices. Exclusion device configurations are not specified in this document.
Standard

Aerospace Rod Scraper Gland Design Standard

2011-12-19
HISTORICAL
AS4088D
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) defines gland details for rod diameters from 1/4 to 15-1/2 in. inclusive corresponding to AS568 O-Ring Dash No. sizes -108/-111, -206/-222, -325/-349 and -425/-460. The gland details herein provide more space than MS33675 and sufficient to fit more efficient and reliable excludion devices. Exclusion device configurations are not specified in this document.
Standard

Aerospace Rod Scraper Gland Design Standard

1999-07-01
HISTORICAL
AS4088B
Gland details are described for rod diameters from 1/4 to 15-1/2 in, inclusive, corresponding to AS568 O-Ring Dash No. sizes -108/-111, -206/-222, -325/-349 and -425/-460.
Standard

Sealing Techniques for Missile Applications

2001-01-01
HISTORICAL
ARP1833A
The purpose of this standard is to provide the missile hydraulic and pneumatic component designer with information learned, tested and substantiated in correction of problems and failures experienced with seals that are subject to the unique requirements of missile static storage and subsequent dynamic operational conditions. Missile hydraulic and pneumatic component designers have been handicapped by the absence of concise design criteria for two difficult sealing conditions usually existing in missile applications as follows: Static pressure condition - Low pressure for long periods in a cyclic temperature environment (i.e., long term storage requirements). Dynamic pressure condition - High pressures suddenly applied in an extreme temperature environment (i.e., operational firing requirement).
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