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Technical Paper

Effects of Vehicle Windshield Defrosting and Demisting Process on Passenger Comfort

2001-05-15
2001-01-1729
This paper describes an investigation into the fluid flow and heat transfer on the windshield as well the effect of the air discharge from the defroster vents on passenger comfort. The investigation is both experimental and computational. Full-scale tests are conducted on a current vehicle model using non-intrusive diagnostic methods. The results presented are from numerical simulations validated by experimental measurements. The numerical predictions compare well with the experimental measurements. The locations of maximum velocity and pressure, as well as width and length of re-circulation regions, are correctly predicted.
Technical Paper

Comparison of Performance between Several Vehicle Windshield Defrosting and Demisting Mechanisms

2001-03-05
2001-01-0582
The safety and comfort aspects of passenger cars are significant sales argument and have become a topic of rising importance during the development process of a new car. The objective of this study is to compare the performance of several current model vehicles, highlight the drawbacks of current defrosting/demisting systems and point the way to improved passive mechanisms. The investigation is experimental. The experiments are carried out using full-scale current vehicle models. The results show that the current designs of the defroster nozzle give maximum airflow rates in the vicinity of the lower part of the windshield, which decrease gradually towards the upper parts of the windshield. This hinders and limits the vision of the driver, particularly at the top of the windshield, which can be uncomfortable and indeed dangerous.
Technical Paper

Full- and Model-Scale Scrutiny of the Effects of Vehicle Windshield Defrosting and Demisting on Passenger Comfort and Safety

2003-03-03
2003-01-1082
Maintaining adequate visibility at all times, through a vehicle windshield, is critical to the safe usage of the vehicle. The ability of the windshield defrosting and demisting system to quickly and completely melt ice on the outer windshield surface and remove mist formed on the inner surface is therefore of paramount importance. The objectives of this paper are to investigate the fluid flow and heat transfer on the windshield as well the effect of the air discharge from the defroster vents on passenger comfort. The results presented are from numerical simulations validated by experimental measurements both carried out a model and full-scale. The numerical predictions compare well with the experimental measurements at both scales. The effects of the defrosting and demisting air on occupants' comfort and safety are examined.
Technical Paper

Improving Vehicle Windshield Defrosting and Demisting

2000-03-06
2000-01-1278
This paper examines the prevailing fluid flow and heat transfer on the windshield of a full–scale vehicle and examines ways of promoting efficient de–icing and demisting. It establishes that present methods of defrosting and demisting windshields are inefficient; since the first area cleared is below the driver's eye level and even this result only occurs some considerable time after the blower has been switched on. The complexity of the windshield topography and the defroster nozzle geometry yield inadequate flow mixing, poor momentum interchange and consequently dead flow zones in critical visibility areas. This study explores ways of improving the defrosting and demisting process through passive means and using the existing air handling system of the vehicle. The results presented are from numerical simulations validated by experiment.
Technical Paper

An Assessment of Vehicle Side-Window Defrosting and Demisting Process

2001-03-05
2001-01-0289
The thermal comfort of passengers within a vehicle is often the main objective for the climate control engineer; however, the need to maintain adequate visibility through the front and side windows of a vehicle is a critical aspect of safe driving. This paper compares the performance of the side window defrosting and demisting mechanism of several current model vehicles. The study highlights the drawbacks of current designs and points the way to improved passive defrosting mechanisms. The investigation is experimental and computational. The experiments are carried out using full-scale current vehicle models. The computational study, which is validated by the experiments, is used to perform parametric investigation into the side window defrosters performance. The results show that the current designs of the side-defroster nozzles give maximum airflow rates in the vicinity of the lower part of the window, which yields unsatisfactory visibility.
Technical Paper

Assessing the Performance of Electrically Heated Windshield

2002-03-04
2002-01-0225
The safety and comfort aspects of passenger vehicles are significant sales argument and have become a topic of rising importance during the development process of a new vehicle. The objective of this study is to compare the performance of several current model vehicles, highlight the drawbacks of current defrosting/demisting systems and point the way to improved passive mechanisms. The investigation is experimental. The work presented is an experimental and numeric investigation of the clear-up pattern of a current vehicle fitted with an electrically heated windshield. Nottingham FDL climatic wind tunnel is used to perform the experimental tests. The clear up pattern developed utilising the vehicle defroster system is digitally captured and compared to the clear up pattern developed utilising the electrical heated windshield. Moreover, the clear up pattern developed using the vehicle defroster system is used to validate a computational model.
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