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Spectrum Analyzers for Electromagnetic Interference Measurements

1971-09-01
CURRENT
AIR1255
This AIR was prepared to inform the aerospace industry about the electromagnetic interference measurement capability of spectrum analyzers. The spectrum analyzers considered are of the wide dispersion type which are electronically tuned over an octave or wider frequency range. The reason for limiting the AIR to this type of spectrum analyzer is that several manufacturers produce them as general-purpose instruments, and their use for EMI measurement will give significant time and cost savings. The objective of the AIR is to give a description of the spectrum analyzers, consider the analyzer parameters, and describe how the analyzers are usable for collection of EMI data. The operator of a spectrum analyzer should be thoroughly familiar with the analyzer and the technical concepts reviewed in this AIR before performing EMI measurements.
Standard

FILTERS, CONVENTIONAL, ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE REDUCTION GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR

1972-05-01
CURRENT
ARP1172
This specification covers the general requirements for conventional AC and/or DC current carrying filter networks for the reduction of electromagnetic interference. A conventional filter is defined herein as a component containing definitive, lumped, R-L-C components and not employing distributed parameters as a required characteristic.
Standard

Coaxial Test Procedure to Measure the RF Shielding Characteristics of EMI Gasket Materials

2017-02-09
CURRENT
ARP1705C
The purpose of this procedure is to establish a technique for reliably and repeatedly measuring the RF shielding characteristics of EMI gasket materials and EMI gaskets against various joint surfaces. The procedure is also used to test the reliability of the gasketed joint combinations after being subjected to hostile environments.
Standard

Coaxial Test Procedure to Measure the RF Shielding Characteristics of EMI Gasket Materials

2012-06-14
HISTORICAL
ARP1705B
The purpose of this procedure is to establish a technique for reliably and repeatedly measuring the RF shielding characteristics of EMI gasket materials and EMI gaskets against various joint surfaces. The procedure is also used to test the reliability of the gasketed joint combinations after being subjected to hostile environments.
Standard

Coaxial Test Procedure to Measure the RF Shielding Characteristics of EMI Gasket Materials

2006-04-20
HISTORICAL
ARP1705A
The purpose of this procedure is to establish a technique for reliably and repeatedly measuring the RF shielding characteristics of EMI gasket materials and EMI gaskets against various joint surfaces. The procedure is also used to test the reliability of the gasketed joint combinations after being subjected to hostile environments.
Standard

In-House Verification of EMI Test Equipment

2016-08-01
CURRENT
AIR6236A
This AIR provides guidance to the EMI test facility on how to check performance of the following types of EMI test equipment: Current probe Line Impedance Stabilization Network (LISN) Directional coupler Attenuator Cable loss Low noise preamplifier Rod antenna base Passive antennas All performance checks can be performed without software. A computer may be required to generate an electronic or hard copy of data. This is not to say that custom software might not be helpful; just that the procedures documented herein specifically eschew the necessity of automated operation.
Standard

In-House Verification of EMI Test Equipment

2015-12-13
HISTORICAL
AIR6236
This AIR provides guidance to the EMI test facility on how to check performance of the following types of EMI test equipment: Current probe Line Impedance Stabilization Network (LISN) Directional coupler Attenuator Cable loss Low noise preamplifier Rod antenna base Passive antennas All performance checks can be performed without software. A computer may be required to generate an electronic or hard copy of data. This is not to say that custom software might not be helpful; just that the procedures documented herein specifically eschew the necessity of automated operation.
Standard

Electromagnetic Interference Measurement Antennas; Standard Calibration Method

2012-04-06
WIP
ARP958E
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) outlines a standard method for the checkout and calibration of electromagnetic interference measurement antennas. Its primary application is for use when measuring a source 1 m from the antenna in a shield room versus a source at a greater distance (far field). This is the typical distance used in performing military EMC testing. Thus, this is a method of calibration. Shield room characteristics are not considered. It does not address an unknown distributed source. Yet it is close to reality since it is based on another antenna that represents a distributed source. This document presents a technique to determine antenna factors for antennas used primarily in performing measurements in accordance with 2.1 and 2.2. The purpose of Revision B is to include the calibration of other antennas, such as small loop antennas that are also specified for use in these same references.
Standard

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE MEASUREMENT ANTENNAS; STANDARD CALIBRATION METHOD

1997-01-01
HISTORICAL
ARP958C
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) outlines a standard method for the checkout and calibration of electromagnetic interference measurement antennas. Its primary application is for use when measuring a source 1 m from the antenna in a shield room versus a source at a greater distance (far field). This is the typical distance used in performing military EMC testing. Thus, this is a method of calibration. Shield room characteristics are not considered. It does not address an unknown distributed source. Yet it is close to reality since it is based on another antenna that represents a distributed source. This document presents a technique to determine antenna factors for antennas used primarily in performing measurements in accordance with 2.1 and 2.2. The purpose of Revision B is to include the calibration of other antennas, such as small loop antennas that are also specified for use in these same references.
Standard

Electromagnetic Interference Measurement Antennas; Standard Calibration Method

1999-03-01
CURRENT
ARP958D
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) outlines a standard method for the checkout and calibration of electromagnetic interference measurement antennas. Its primary application is for use when measuring a source 1 m from the antenna in a shield room versus a source at a greater distance (far field). This is the typical distance used in performing military EMC testing. Thus, this is a method of calibration. Shield room characteristics are not considered. It does not address an unknown distributed source. Yet it is close to reality since it is based on another antenna that represents a distributed source. This document presents a technique to determine antenna factors for antennas used primarily in performing measurements in accordance with 2.1 and 2.2. The purpose of Revision B is to include the calibration of other antennas, such as small loop antennas that are also specified for use in these same references.
Standard

ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE MEASUREMENT ANTENNAS; STANDARD CALIBRATION METHOD

1996-03-01
HISTORICAL
ARP958B
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) outlines a standard method for the checkout and calibration of electromagnetic interference measurement antennas. Its primary application is for use when measuring a source 1 m from the antenna in a shield room versus a source at a greater distance (far field). This is the typical distance used in performing military EMC testing. Thus, this is a method of calibration. Shield room characteristics are not considered. It does not address an unknown distributed source. Yet it is close to reality since it is based on another antenna that represents a distributed source. This document presents a technique to determine antenna factors for antennas used primarily in performing measurements in accordance with 2.1 and 2.2. The purpose of Revision B is to include the calibration of other antennas, such as small loop antennas that are also specified for use in these same references.
Standard

Cabling Guidelines for Electromagnetic Compatibility

1998-12-01
CURRENT
AIR1394A
These cable practice recommendations tend toward design guidance rather than standardization. EMC achievement tests can be standardized, but the means for achievement should not be constrained. The material can best be described as an essay on cabling, and the theme is that a cable is just a part of a complete circuit, the interconnect circuit. Cable EMC performance is thus determined largely by circuit design; it is unrealistic to expect cabling techniques to compensate for improper impedance, symmetry or waveform in the circuit.
Standard

Alternative (Ecological) Method for Measuring Electronic Product Immunity to External Electromagnetic Fields

2003-07-28
CURRENT
ARP5889
This method is used to define the immunity of electric and electronic apparatus and equipment (products) to radiated electromagnetic (EM) energy. This method is based on injecting the calibrated radio frequency currents (voltages) into external conductors and/or internal circuits of the product under test, measuring the strength of the EM field generated by this product and evaluating its immunity to the external EM field on the basis of the data obtained. The method can be utilized only when it is physically possible to connect the injector to the conductors and/or circuits mentioned before.
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