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GUIDE FOR DETERMINING ENGINE STARTER DRIVE TORQUE REQUIREMENTS

1962-09-01
CURRENT
AIR781
A general discussion is presented herein, to outline the starter functions which are necessary for a successful engine start. In addition, sample calculations are included to illustrate an accepted method of determining the engine starting time from known data. Further consideration is then given to the relationship between starter torque output and engine pad strength and a generalized formula is presented for calculating the theoretical transient torque peaks for a simplified starter-engine system. Sample calculations for actual tests are included, and the results of these calculations are compared with measured values.
Standard

COMMERCIAL AIRCRAFT AUXILIARY POWER UNIT INSTALLATIONS

1991-01-29
CURRENT
AIR4204
This Aerospace Information Report (AIR) reviews the factors to be considered in determining the location and arrangement for auxiliary power unit (APU) installations for airborne applications and reviews requirements for flight suitability. As treated in this discussion, the APU normally includes a power section (or engine), a starting system, an electronic control unit (ECU), a gearbox with accessory mounting pads, and an oil cooling system. The accessories that are driven by the APU, such as CSD's (constant speed drives), alternating current (AC) generators, hydraulic pumps, or air compressors, are not covered here except insofar as they make demands on the APU. The various installation components and systems that are covered here are outlined by the table of contents. Turbine-type APU's are by far the most highly developed and universally used airborne units, so their installation will dominate the discussion in this document.
Standard

AUXILIARY POWER SYSTEM CONSIDERATIONS FOR ADVANCED MILITARY AIRCRAFT

1993-06-01
CURRENT
AIR1603
This document provides a brief description of the auxiliary power equipment that is available with enough description and pertinent comments to enable an engineer to make logical preliminary selection of the appropriate equipment for advanced military aircraft programs. The information has been kept as brief as possible to include the maximum amount of equipment in a relatively short document. It is not intended to replace textbook design analysis or detailed information available from the equipment suppliers. The document describes auxiliary power equipment. Auxiliary power is defined as follows: "Those elements of secondary power [defined as all aircraft nonpropulsive power generation and transmission] related to main engine bleed air and shaft power extraction or power generation separate from the main engines. Included are engine bleed air systems, remote engine driven gearboxes, engine starting systems, auxiliary power units, and emergency power systems."
Standard

Introduction to Starting Systems

1996-01-01
CURRENT
AIR4151
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) covers basic aircraft engine start systems fundamentals. It presents various ground power sources and aircraft “on board” starting units. Also included are descriptions of start system components and interconnections which together comprise an engine starting system.
Standard

RECIPROCATING ENGINE PNEUMATIC STARTERS

1994-02-01
CURRENT
AIR4152
The purpose of this SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) is to present a brief discussion of pneumatic starters for reciprocating engines. This AIR also provides a general analysis guide for preliminary sizing of pneumatic starter systems for reciprocating engines.
Standard

Index of Starting System Specifications and Standards

2001-12-07
CURRENT
AIR1174B
This report lists military and industry specifications and standards which are used in aerospace engine starting and auxiliary power systems. Listings are provided as follows: Section 2. Topic Listing Section 3. Numerical Listing Section 4. Alphabetical Listing Only those hardware standards which have been specifically designed for engine starting systems are listed. Revisions and amendments which are current for these specifications and standards are not listed.
Standard

INDEX OF STARTING SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS AND STANDARDS

1970-07-15
HISTORICAL
AIR1174
This report lists military and industry specifications and standards which are used in aerospace engine starting systems. Only those hardware standards which have been specifically designed for engine starting systems are listed. Revisions and amendments which are current for these specifications and standards are not listed.
Standard

INDEX OF STARTING SYSTEM SPECIFICATIONS AND STANDARDS

1987-04-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1174A
This report lists military and industry specifications and standards which are used in aerospace engine starting and auxiliary power systems. Only those hardware standards which have been specifically designed for engine starting systems are listed. Revisions and amendments which are current for these specifications and standards are not listed.
Standard

Aircraft Accessory Drag Torque During Engine Starts

1999-04-01
CURRENT
AIR1087B
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents a discussion of drag torques of engine accessories operating at cold temperature. Various conditions of temperature, speed, and acceleration rates are reviewed showing the merits of each method and recommending a standard test method.
Standard

Safety Criteria for Pneumatic Starting Systems

1999-03-01
CURRENT
AIR1639A
This SAE Aerospace Information Report (AIR) presents safety criteria for pneumatic type engine starting system design and component hardware. Included are safety criteria in design of both starter control valves and starters as well as in design of airframe control systems. Safety topics concern starter valve operation and material application, airframe controls and instrumentation installations and starter rotor integrity and containment.
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