Steady-State Local Heat Flux Measurements in a Straight Pipe Extension of an Exhaust Port of a Spark Ignition Engine
Experiments were carried out on a straight pipe extension of an exhaust port of a multi-cylinder, spark-ignition engine to investigate the axial variation of the steady-state surface heat transfer. Local, steady-state, surface heat flux measurements were made at five different stations on the test section. Based on an optimization procedure developed in this study, the heat-flux measurements obtained for axial distances x / D > 2, were found to be correlated very well (R2 = 0.95) by an equation in the form of an entrance length correction, which is a function solely of x / D, multiplied by the Sieder-Tate convective heat transfer correlation; a correlation valid for fully-developed, steady-state, turbulent, pipe flows. Most importantly, this paper provides strong evidence that the observed heat transfer augmentation in the engine exhaust system is due solely to entrance effects and not due to flow fluctuations, which was the accepted cause.