Energy Management Strategies for Hybrid-Pneumatic Engine Studied on an Markov Chain Type Generated Driving Cycle
This paper presents energy management strategies for a new hybrid pneumatic engine concept, which is specific by its configuration: It is not a vehicle but only an engine itself which is hybridized. This arrangement could provide as much as 30% of fuel saving depending on the driving cycle. Therefore different energy management strategies are proposed and compared in this paper. The first of them is called Causal Strategy and implements a rule-based control technique. A second strategy called Constant Penalty Coefficient is based on minimization of equivalent consumption, where the use of each energy source is formulated in a comparative unit. The balance between consumption of different energy source (chemical or pneumatic) is reached by introduction of an equivalence factor. The third strategy is called Variable Penalty Coefficient, where the equivalence factor is consider as variable within the amount of pneumatic energy stored in the air-tank.