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Technical Paper

Optimizing the Rear Fascia Cutline Based On Investigating Deviation Sources of the Body Panel Fit and Finish

2017-03-28
2017-01-1600
A vehicle’s exterior fit and finish, in general, is the first system to attract customers. Automotive exterior engineers were motivated in the past few years to increase their focus on how to optimize the vehicle’s exterior panels split lines quality and how to minimize variation in fit and finish addressing customer and market required quality standards. The design engineering’s focus is to control the deviation from nominal build objective and minimize it. The fitting process follows an optimization model with the exterior panel’s location and orientation factors as independent variables. This research focuses on addressing the source of variation “contributed factors” that will impact the quality of the fit and finish. These critical factors could be resulted from the design process, product process, or an assembly process. An empirical analysis will be used to minimize the fit and finish deviation.
Technical Paper

Optimization of Modified Car Body Using Mesh Morphing Techniques in CFD

2016-04-05
2016-01-0009
Today's strict fuel economy requirement produces the need for the cars to have really optimized shapes among other characteristics as optimized cooling packages, reduced weight, to name a few. With the advances in automotive technology, tight global oil resources, lightweight automotive design process becomes a problem deserving important consideration. It is not however always clear how to modify the shape of the exterior of a car in order to minimize its aerodynamic resistance. Air motion is complex and operates differently at different weather conditions. Air motion around a vehicle has been studied quite exhaustively, but due to immense complex nature of air flow, which differs with different velocity, the nature of air, direction of flow et cetera, there is no complete study of aerodynamic analysis for a car. Something always can be done to further optimize the air flow around a car body.
Technical Paper

Shape Optimization of Multi-Element Airfoil Using Morphing Deformation

2014-04-01
2014-01-0288
This work studies an optimization tool for 2D and 3D a multi-element airfoil which utilizes the power of CFD solver of a Shape Optimizer package to find the most optimal shape of multi-element airfoil as per designer's requirement. The optimization system coupled with Fluent increases the utilization and the importance of CFD solver. This work focuses on combining the high fidelity commercial CFD tools (Fluent) with numerical optimization techniques to morph high lift system. In this work strategy we performed morphing (grid deformation) directly inside the Fluent code without rebuilding geometry and the mesh with an external tool. Direct search method algorithms such as the Simplex, Compass, and Torczon are used; Navier-Stokes equations were solved for turbulent, incompressible flow using k-epsilon model and SIMPLE algorithm using the commercial code ANSYS Fluent.
Technical Paper

Aerodynamic Shape Optimization for a 3-D Multi-Element Airfoil

2014-04-01
2014-01-0296
This paper discusses the uses of shape morphing/optimization in order to improve the lift to drag ratio for a typical 3D multi-element airfoil. A mesh morpher algorithm is used in conjunction with a direct search optimization algorithm in order to optimize the aerodynamics performance of a typical high-lift device. Navier-Stokes equations are solved for turbulent, steady-state, incompressible flow by using k-epsilon model and SIMPLE algorithm using the commercial code ANSYS Fluent. Detailed studies are done on take-off/landing flight conditions; the results show that the optimization is successful in improving the aerodynamic performance.
Technical Paper

The Study of Wall Y+ of Incompressible Turbulent Flow Over High Lift Devices Using CutCell Meshing

2013-04-08
2013-01-1402
In this study three dimensional numerical simulations were carried out for steady incompressible flows around complex airfoil shapes. NACA-0012 and NACA-23012 wing with 20 percent-c Clark Y flap were used for this study. This work shows that the CutCell mesh method has the ability to generate high quality mesh which captures the details of the viscous boundary layer.
Technical Paper

Effect of Temperature on Weld Strength in Chrome Moly Space Frames

2006-12-05
2006-01-3648
Chromium Molybdenum Steel (AISI 4130), commonly referred to as “Chrome Moly”, is one of the most popular materials used in the construction of tubular space frames and chassis components for racing applications. Its high strength, light weight and comparably low material cost make the reasons for its popularity quite obvious. However, there is one problem that is commonly overlooked: maintaining the strength component of Chrome Moly in areas exposed to high levels of heat followed by rapid cooling during welding. This paper seeks to better understand the affects of cooling due to welding on the strength of Chrome Moly tubing.
Journal Article

Numerical Study of the Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Multi-Element Airfoil NACA 23012

2013-04-08
2013-01-1410
This work aims to numerically investigate the aerodynamic characteristics of a multi-element airfoil NACA 23012. The investigation was conducted through Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), using ANSYS FLUENT software. The Navier-Stokes equations were solved for turbulent, incompressible flow using k-epsilon model and SIMPLE algorithm. The study was carried out for both take-off / landing conditions and the results were compared to experimental data of the NACA 23012 from wind tunnel tests. The experimental and computational results for drag and lift coefficients match effectively up to pre-stall attack angles. The pressure coefficients, velocity distribution, and wall Y+ data were presented for different angles of attack (0 deg, 4 deg, and 8 deg). The CFD analysis could help acquire a closer and detailed understanding of airfoil performance, which is usually not easy through normal experimentation.
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