Effects of DTBP on the HCCI Combustion Characteristics of SI Primary Reference Fuels
One option for ignition control of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI) engines is to use small amounts of ignition-enhancing additives to alter the ignition properties. Di-tertiary Butyl Peroxide (DTBP) is one such additive and it has been suggested as a cetane improver in diesel engines. In this study, the effects of DTBP on spark ignition (SI) primary reference fuels (PRFs, n-heptane and iso-octane) and their blends (PRF20, PRF50, PRF63, PRF87 and PRF92) were investigated during HCCI engine operation. Experiments were run in a single cylinder CFR research engine for three inlet temperatures (410, 450 and 500 K) and several equivalence ratios (0.28 - 0.57) at a constant speed of 800 rpm and a compression ratio of 16.0. Experimental results show that ignition delay time, cycle to cycle variation, and stable operating range were all improved with the addition of less than 2.5% DTBP by volume.