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Technical Paper

Toward Human-Robot Interface Standards: Use of Standardization and Intelligent Subsystems for Advancing Human-Robotic Competency in Space Exploration

NASA's plans to implement the Vision for Space Exploration include extensive human-robot cooperation across an enterprise spanning multiple missions, systems, and decades. To make this practical, strong enterprise-level interface standards (data, power, communication, interaction, autonomy, and physical) will be required early in the systems and technology development cycle. Such standards should affect both the engineer and operator roles that humans adopt in their interactions with robots. For the engineer role, standards will result in reduced development lead-times, lower cost, and greater efficiency in deploying such systems. For the operator role, standards will result in common autonomy and interaction modes that reduce operator training, minimize workload, and apply to many different robotic platforms. Reduced quantities of spare hardware could also be a benefit of standardization.
Technical Paper

Chameleon Suit – A Different Paradigm for Future EVA Systems

The demands of future NASA exploration and scientific missions in space force the reevaluation of some of the basic assumptions and approaches that underlie current extravehicular activity (EVA) systems. Developing designs that can simultaneously achieve the advanced capabilities and the reductions in system mass and mission expendables targeted by NASA has proven to be a formidable challenge. The constraints of human needs, space environments, and current EVA system architectures demand technical capabilities beyond current expectations to achieve system goals. Under NASA Institute for Advanced Concepts (NIAC) sponsorship, Hamilton Sundstrand has been studying a new system paradigm to achieve the EVA system goals. The Chameleon Suit concept employs an active pressure suit that directly interacts between human systems and space environments.
Technical Paper

Requirements and Potential for Enhanced EVA Information Interfaces

NASA has long recognized the advantages of providing improved information interfaces to EVA astronauts and has pursued this goal through a number of development programs over the past decade. None of these activities or parallel efforts in industry and academia has so far resulted in the development of an operational system to replace or augment the current extravehicular mobility unit (EMU) Display and Controls Module (DCM) display and cuff checklist. Recent advances in display, communications, and information processing technologies offer exciting new opportunities for EVA information interfaces that can better serve the needs of a variety of NASA missions. Hamilton Sundstrand Space Systems International (HSSSI) has been collaborating with Simon Fraser University and others on the NASA Haughton Mars Project and with researchers at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Boeing, and Symbol Technologies in investigating these possibilities.
Technical Paper

Investigation of EVA Information Interface Technology in a Mars Analog Arctic Field Science Setting

Hamilton Sundstrand Space Systems International (HSSSI) participated with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (SETI) Institute and Simon Fraser University in the 2001 field season of NASA's Haughton-Mars Project (HMP) to study information technologies concepts and hardware systems for advanced Extravehicular Activity (EVA). The research was focused on developing an improved understanding of the uses of the interface in an exploration / field science context. Interface integration with communication, navigation and scientific data systems, and the special challenges posed by the expeditionary environment were investigated. This paper presents a discussion of the field test systems, test activities and results. Recommendations for future, higher fidelity research are included.