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Standard

Measurement of Radiated Emissions from Integrated Circuits—Surface Scan Method (Loop Probe Method) 10 MHz to 3 GHz

2011-06-24
HISTORICAL
J1752/2_201106
This SAE Recommended Practice defines a method for evaluating the near field electric or magnetic component of the electromagnetic field at the surface of an integrated circuit (IC). This technique is capable of providing a detailed pattern of the RF sources internal to the IC. The resolution of the pattern is determined by the characteristics of the probes used and the precision of the mechanical probe positioner. The method is usable over the 10 MHz to 3 GHz frequency range with existing probe technology. The probe is mechanically scanned according to a programmed pattern in a plane parallel or perpendicular to the IC surface and the data is computer processed to provide a color-enhanced representation of field strength at the scan frequency. This procedure is applicable to measurements from an IC mounted on any circuit board that is accessible to the scan probe. For comparisons, the standardized test board shall be used.
Standard

Measurement of Radiated Emissions from Integrated Circuits—Surface Scan Method (Loop Probe Method) 10 MHz to 3 GHz

2016-09-16
CURRENT
J1752/2_201609
This SAE Recommended Practice defines a method for evaluating the near field electric or magnetic component of the electromagnetic field at the surface of an integrated circuit (IC). This technique is capable of providing a detailed pattern of the RF sources internal to the IC. The resolution of the pattern is determined by the characteristics of the probes used and the precision of the mechanical probe positioner. The method is usable over the 10 MHz to 3 GHz frequency range with existing probe technology. The probe is mechanically scanned according to a programmed pattern in a plane parallel or perpendicular to the IC surface and the data is computer processed to provide a color-enhanced representation of field strength at the scan frequency. This procedure is applicable to measurements from an IC mounted on any circuit board that is accessible to the scan probe. For comparisons, the standardized test board shall be used.
Standard

Vehicle Electromagnetic Radiated Susceptibility Testing Using a LargeTEM Cell

1982-08-01
HISTORICAL
J1407_198208
This information report gives the procedures for use and operation of a large transverse electromagnetic (TEM) mode cell for the determination of electromagnetic (EM) radiated susceptibility of equipment, subystems and systems (whose dimensions are less than 3 m x 6 m x 18 m) in the frequency range 10 kHz - 20 MHz. Several large TEM cells have been designed and constructed by various organizations for EMP and high power CW testing. Two cell designs and associated instrumentation are included for example purposes in this report. Other cell configurations have also been constructed. Users should consult the literature before undertaking a project of this magnitude for other cell and instrumentation designs.
Standard

Electromagnetic Immunity - Off-Vehicle Source (Reverberation Chamber Method) - Part 16 - Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields

2012-05-11
HISTORICAL
J551/16_201205
Vehicle electrical/electronic systems may be affected when immersed in an electromagnetic field generated by sources such as radio and TV broadcast stations, radar and communication sites, mobile transmitters, cellular phones, etc. This part of SAE J551 specifies off-vehicle radiated source test methods and procedures for testing passenger cars and commercial vehicles within a Reverberation Chamber. The method is used to evaluate the immunity of vehicle mounted electronic devices in the frequency range of 80 MHz to 2 GHz, with possible extensions 20 MHz to 10 GHz, depending upon chamber size and construction. Three methods for calibrating and applying electromagnetic fields are described in the document: 1) Mode Tuned Reverberation Chamber method, 2) Mode Stir (Standard) Reverberation Chamber method and 3) Mode Stir (Hybrid) Reverberation Chamber method.
Standard

Electromagnetic Immunity - Off-Vehicle Source (Reverberation Chamber Method) - Part 16 - Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields

2017-10-10
CURRENT
J551/16_201710
Vehicle electrical/electronic systems may be affected when immersed in an electromagnetic field generated by sources such as radio and TV broadcast stations, radar and communication sites, mobile transmitters, cellular phones, etc. This part of SAE J551 specifies off-vehicle radiated source test methods and procedures for testing passenger cars and commercial vehicles within a Reverberation Chamber. The method is used to evaluate the immunity of vehicle mounted electronic devices in the frequency range of 80 MHz to 2 GHz, with possible extensions 20 MHz to 10 GHz, depending upon chamber size and construction. Three methods for calibrating and applying electromagnetic fields are described in the document: 1) Mode Tuned Reverberation Chamber method, 2) Mode Stir (Standard) Reverberation Chamber method and 3) Mode Stir (Hybrid) Reverberation Chamber method.
Standard

Conducted Immunity, 250 kHz to 400 MHz, Direct Injection of Radio Frequency (RF) Power

2010-08-05
CURRENT
J1113/3_201008
This part of SAE J1113 specifies the direct RF power injection test method and procedure for testing electromagnetic immunity of electronic components for passenger cars and commercial vehicles. The electromagnetic disturbances considered in this part of SAE J1113 are limited to continuous, narrowband conducted RF energy. This test method is applicable to all DUT leads except the RF reference ground. The test provides differential mode excitation to the DUT. Immunity measurements of complete vehicles are generally only possible by the vehicle manufacturer. The reasons, for example, are high costs of a large absorber-lined chamber, preserving the secrecy of prototypes or the large number of different vehicle models. Therefore, for research, development, and quality control, a laboratory measuring method for components shall be applied by the manufacturer. This method is suitable over the frequency range of 250 kHz to 400 MHz.
Standard

ELECTROMAGNETIC SUSCEPTIBILITY MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES FOR VEHICLE COMPONENTS (EXCEPT AIRCRAFT)

1987-08-01
CURRENT
J1113_198708
This SAE Recommended Practice establishes uniform laboratory measurement techniques for the determination of the susceptibility to undesired electromagnetic sources of electrical, electronic, and electromechanical ground-vehicle components. It is intended as a guide toward standard practice, but may be subject to frequent change to keep pace with experience and technical advances, and this should be kept in mind when considering its use.
Standard

Electromagnetic Compatibility Measurements Procedure for Vehicle Components - Part 27 - Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields - Mode Stir Reverberation Method

2012-06-06
HISTORICAL
J1113/27_201206
Vehicle electrical/electronic systems may be affected when immersed in an electromagnetic field generated by sources such as radio and TV broadcast stations, radar and communication sites, mobile transmitters, cellular phones, etc. The reverberation method is used to evaluate the immunity of electronic devices in the frequency range of 500 MHz to 2.0 GHz, with possible extensions to 200 MHz and 10 GHz, depending upon chamber size and construction. Optional pulse modulation testing at HIRF (High Intensity Radiated Fields) test levels, based upon currently known environmental threats, has been added to this revision of the standard. This document addresses the Mode Stir (Continuous Stirring) Reverberation testing method which has been successfully utilized as a design and production stage development tool for many years. The Mode Tuned (Stepped Tuner) Reverberation testing method is covered in the SAE J1113-28 document.
Standard

Electromagnetic Compatibility Measurements Procedure for Vehicle Components - Part 27 - Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields - Mode Stir Reverberation Method

2017-10-10
CURRENT
J1113/27_201710
Vehicle electrical/electronic systems may be affected when immersed in an electromagnetic field generated by sources such as radio and TV broadcast stations, radar and communication sites, mobile transmitters, cellular phones, etc. The reverberation method is used to evaluate the immunity of electronic devices in the frequency range of 500 MHz to 2.0 GHz, with possible extensions to 200 MHz and 10 GHz, depending upon chamber size and construction. Optional pulse modulation testing at HIRF (High Intensity Radiated Fields) test levels, based upon currently known environmental threats, has been added to this revision of the standard. This document addresses the Mode Stir (Continuous Stirring) Reverberation testing method which has been successfully utilized as a design and production stage development tool for many years. The Mode Tuned (Stepped Tuner) Reverberation testing method is covered in the SAE J1113-28 document.
Standard

Test Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Disturbance Characteristics of Vehicles, Motorboats, and Spark-Ignited Engine-Driven Devices

1994-03-21
HISTORICAL
J551/2_199403
The limits in this SAE Standard are designed to provide protection for receivers of all types of radio transmissions when used in buildings. As a result, receivers of radio transmissions used out-of-doors may not be protected by the limits specified. This publication applies to the emission of electromagnetic energy which may cause interference to radio reception and which is emitted from: a. vehicles propelled by an internal combustion engine, electrical means or both (see SAE J551/1 for definition); b. motorboats propelled by an internal combustion engine, electrical means or both; and c. devices equipped with spark-ignited internal combustion engines (see SAE J551/1 for definition). This publication does not apply to aircraft, traction systems (railway, tramway, and trolley bus), or incomplete vehicles.
Standard

Test Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Disturbance Characteristics of Vehicles, Motorboats, and Spark-Ignited Engine-Driven Devices

2006-09-27
CURRENT
J551/2_200609
The limits in this SAE Standard are designed to provide protection for receivers of all types of radio transmissions when used in buildings. As a result, receivers of radio transmissions used out-of-doors may not be protected by the limits specified. This publication applies to the emission of electromagnetic energy which may cause interference to radio reception and which is emitted from: a. vehicles propelled by an internal combustion engine, electrical means or both (see SAE J551/1 for definition); b. motorboats propelled by an internal combustion engine, electrical means or both; and c. devices equipped with spark-ignited internal combustion engines (see SAE J551/1 for definition). This publication does not apply to aircraft, traction systems (railway, tramway, and trolley bus), or incomplete vehicles.
Standard

Limits and Methods of Measurement of Radio Disturbance Characteristics of Components and Modules for the Protection of Receivers Used On Board Vehicles

2006-09-29
CURRENT
J1113/41_200609
This SAE Standard contains limits1 and procedures for the measurement of radio disturbances in the frequency range of 150 kHz to 1000 MHz. The standard applies to any electronic/electrical component intended for use in vehicles and large devices. Refer to International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Publications for details of frequency allocations. The limits are intended to provide protection for receivers installed in a vehicle from disturbances produced by components/modules in the same vehicle.2 The receiver types to be protected are: sound and television receivers3, land mobile radio, radio telephone, amateur and citizens' radio. For the purpose of this document, a vehicle is a machine which is self-propelled. Vehicles include (but are not limited to) passenger cars, trucks, agricultural tractors, and snowmobiles. The limits in this document are recommended and subject to modification as agreed between the vehicle manufacturer and the component supplier.
Standard

Electronmagnetic Compatibility Measurement Procedure for Vehicle Components - Part 21: Immunity to Electromagnetic Fields, 30 MHz to 18 GHz, Absorber-Lined Chamber

2013-05-28
CURRENT
J1113/21_201305
This part of SAE J1113 specifies test methods and procedures for testing electromagnetic immunity (of vehicle radiation sources) of electronic components for passenger cars and commercial vehicles. To perform this test method, the electronic module along with the wiring harness (prototype or standard test harness) and peripheral devices will be subjected to the electromagnetic disturbance generated inside an absorber-lined chamber. The electromagnetic disturbances considered in this part of SAE J1113 are limited to continuous narrowband electromagnetic fields. Immunity measurements of complete vehicles are generally only performed at the vehicle manufacturer. The reasons, for example, are high costs of a large absorber-lined chamber, preserving the secrecy of prototypes, or the large number of different vehicle models. Therefore, for research, development and quality control, a laboratory measuring method shall be applied by the manufacturers.
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