Performance and Emissions of a Common Rail DI Diesel Engine Using Fossil and Different Bio-Derived Fuels
The recent introduction of electronic controlled, high pressure injection systems has deeply changed the scenario for light duty, automotive diesel engines. This change is mainly due to the enhanced flexibility in obtaining the desired injection law (time history and injected fuel quantity), while high injection pressures also favour a suitable mixture formation. This results in higher engine performance (efficiency and power) and in better pollutant emissions control. At the same time, in order to reduce the greenhouse gases net production, research is analyzing alternative resources, such as bio-derived fuels. In particular, methyl esters derived by different vegetable oils are characterized by high cetane numbers and very small sulfur content. The present work reports the results of a comparative analysis performed on a modern DI, common-rail, turbocharged engine by using three different bio-derived fuels (rape seed, soybean, waste cooked oil) and conventional fossil diesel fuel.