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Technical Paper

The Influence of Stroke-to-Bore Ratio and Combustion Chamber Design on Formula One Engines Performance

This paper presents a numerical study of the combustion chamber design influence on the performance of racing engines. The analysis has been applied to the Ferrari 10 cylinder 3.0 liter S.I. engine adopted in Formula One racing. The numerical investigation aimed to asses the influence of stroke-to-bore ratio changes on engine performance within real life design constraints. The effects of the stroke-to-bore ratio on both the volumetric efficiency and the thermal conversion efficiency have been investigated. Flame front area maps, wall areas wetted by burned gases, mean flow field patterns and main turbulent parameters have been compared for two different S/B ratios. Since higher intake and exhaust valve areas per unit displaced volume result in a higher volume of piston bowls, a lower S/B ratio leads to a lower compression ratio, which strongly limits the indicated mean effective pressure.
Technical Paper

Optimization of a Cooling Circuit in an Internal Combustion Engine for Marine Applications

An optimization study involving both fluid-dynamic and thermostructural aspects has been carried out for a 2200 cc turbocharged engine head for marine applications. In this cross-disciplinary problem, the structural and thermodynamic aspects have been decoupled. A preliminary set of CFD numerical analyses of the cooling jacket layout has been performed, in order to investigate critical aspects of the present configuration and improve the cooling performance, by means of local flow patterns and flow distribution analysis. At a second stage, temperature distributions within the metal cast parts have been derived from CFD in order to assess the fatigue strength of the component with structural finite elements. A proper choice of both CFD methodology and boundary conditions is carried out in order to determine a trade-off between computational effort and actual engine behavior representation.
Technical Paper

Comparison of Four Stroke MotoGP Engines

This paper compares different engine solutions for the FIM MotoGP World Championship. Starting from the general guidelines given in a previous paper [2], in this study the specific features of each engine architecture (3 and 4 in line, V4, V5 and V6) are considered. 1-D engine simulations, based on a previously validated model, are extensively used to optimize each solution, as well as to provide a comparison among the engines in terms of dynamometer performances. Some issues concerning engine balance, engine overall dimensions, intake and exhaust system lay-out are discussed. Finally, the influence of the engine on the bike acceleration is calculated by means of a simple simulation at the Mugello track. The comparison has shown slight differences among the proposed configurations. Globally, the V engines, with four and five cylinders, have resulted to be the best solutions.
Technical Paper

Similarity Rules and Parametric Design of Four Stroke MotoGP Engines

The design of 4-stroke engines, complying with the new Motorcycle Road Racing World Championship regulations is discussed. Similarity rules and non dimensional parameters from a database on racing engines are used to define some general guidelines. More specific information about friction losses and combustion is derived from experiments, carried out on a 3-cylinder MotoGP prototype engine. These experiments provided the input needed to set up and validate a base model for 1D thermo-fluid-dynamic calculations. Engine simulation is employed for optimizing several design parameters. A comparison between the proposed methodology and a few design criteria presented in literature is made. Finally, the brake performances of some optimized engines are predicted.