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Technical Paper

Farmers Perspective on Machinery Until 2000

1996-08-01
961853
Farmers are a small group, mostly college educated who run multi-million dollar yearly operations. Recent favorable economics has allowed this sector to look at new technology and determine the best way to invest in it. New considerations in the last few years have led to minimum/alternative tillage and planting, site specific farming decisions and small technology groups of farmers. The authors have put together their thoughts and wants which should be evaluated by future suppliers of technology and farm machinery.
Technical Paper

Computer Modeling and Simulation of a Tracked Log Skidder with Different Grapple Configurations

1998-09-14
981979
A track-type grapple log skidder was dynamically modeled to allow machine modification by computer to determine the effects of these modifications on the operation of the machine in the forest. The model consisted of an undercarriage, power train, log/drag force, and logging equipment (arch and grapple). This skidder had three types of logging attachments: winch, swinging boom (grapple), and single-function arch (grapple). Each was modeled and simulated under various conditions. The dynamic model of the skidder can be used to analyze its drawbar pull capability and lateral stability with various log weights and soil types on steep slopes. Validation of this model is needed later.
Technical Paper

Preliminary Tests of Two-Stroke Cycle Engines Fueled by Ethanol/Sunflower Oil Mixtures

1982-02-01
820951
Two stroke cycle chainsaw engines were tested comparing an ethanol/sunflower oil mixture to a conventional fuel mixture. Preliminary results indicated difficulty in starting below 50°F (10°C), high engine temperatures, gum deposits and possible lubrication breakdown; which indicate potential problems of using this fuel.
Technical Paper

A Parametric Simulation Model for Analyzing the Performance of a Steel-Tracked Feller Buncher

1999-09-13
1999-01-2785
A parametric simulation model of a steel-tracked feller buncher was developed1. This model can be used to predict the lift capacity, side tipping angles, grade-ability, and joint forces during a cutting cycle. The feller buncher is defined parametrically, allowing the user to quickly analyze different machine configurations simply by changing the value of a variable. Several simulations were performed to illustrate the application of the model.
Technical Paper

Dynamic Simulation Techniques for Steering of Tracked Agricultural and Forestry Vehicles

1999-09-13
1999-01-2786
A procedure for simulating the dynamics of agricultural and forestry machines using mechanical system simulation software is presented. A soil/track interface model including rubber-track and steel-track was introduced as well as equations that can be used to model mechanical and hydraulic power trains commonly found in tracked vehicles. Two rubber-tracked vehicles (agricultural tractors) and two steel-tracked machines (forestry vehicles) were simulated to illustrate the technique, and some analysis results are presented. The examples given in this paper are based on the author’s research over the past several years.
Technical Paper

An In-Field Transport System for High-Value Crops

1999-09-14
1999-01-2831
A prototype in-field transport system for high-value crops was designed and built. This system carries a semi-trailer upon two rubber-tracked undercarriages. A mechanism was designed for timely assembly and disassembly of the system. A set of field experiments was conducted to compare the sinkage, motion resistance, and drawbar forces of the rubber-track versus the current pneumatic-tire system. Increased flotation was observed with the prototype system. The motion resistance of the track system was less than or greater than that of the pneumatic-tire system depending on the soil condition. The prototype met performance objectives during assembly, operation, and disassembly of the system.
Technical Paper

Fluid Power for Forestry Equipment: Design Aspects for Difficult Service

1984-09-01
841141
Fluid power is used extensively in forestry equipment with some novel applications of hydraulics to fell, move and process logs and trees. Hydraulic components undergo rugged use under severe conditions, over long periods of minimal maintenance. Selected hydraulic designs are illustrated and discussed. Design features for service requirements on forestry equipment are detailed.
Technical Paper

Evaluation of Machine Vision Algorithms for Locating Corn Plants

1991-09-01
911794
The feasibility study of using machine vision technology to locate corn plants was conducted to determine its potential in the development of an intelligent detasseling machine. A corn plant feature, the main vein of leaf, was used and the method of feature detection was developed for corn plant identification. Experimental results showed that the leaf feature and the center of the plant can be detected and located using image processing techniques when an image is taken from above of a plant. This research showed that it is possible to identify and locate the corn plant using machine vision technology.
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