Refine Your Search

Search Results

Viewing 1 to 12 of 12
Technical Paper

Debris Signature Analysis: A Method for Assessing the Detrimental Effect of Specific Debris Contaminated Lubrication Environments

1998-04-08
981478
Various methods for evaluating the effectiveness of debris resistant bearings have been proposed for development. Once evaluation methods are well established to select bearings, the user is faced with assessing severity and detrimental effects of a specific application's lubricant contamination on bearing performance. Many analysis tools have been suggested for determining this impact, including particle analysis for size distribution, type of material and contamination level. A novel approach for determining severity of damage has been investigated which attempts to integrate these typical tools with actual damage to functional surfaces. It seeks to provide a practical approach and is appropriately labeled Debris Signature Analysis. Results of actual assessments will be discussed and the assessment method described.
Technical Paper

Observations of the Impact of Lubricant Additives on the Fatigue Life Performance of Tapered Roller Bearings

1995-09-01
952124
Lubricant formulations and lubricant additives have been slanted heavily toward protecting gear concentrated contacts from galling and wear. Much of the performance differentiation of these lubricants has been dependent on highly accelerated standardized laboratory testing. The area of contact fatigue has played a less important role in shaping lubricant formulations, but new test results for several commercially available gear lubricants suggest this area warrants a closer examintion. The implications of these findings for equipment applications are discussed, and suggestions are made for ways to minimize or avoid potential detrimental performance effects.
Technical Paper

Assessing the Detrimental Impact of Lubricant Formulations and Debris Contamination on Tapered Roller Bearing Performance Characteristics

1996-08-01
961830
A debris-contaminated lubrication environment is inherent in many equipment applications and requires mechanical components that, as much as possible, are resistant to the potential detrimental effects of debris particles. In addition, lubricants are formulated with chemistry targeted to prevent wear in mechanical systems, and standard tests are used to evaluate the lubricant's ability to impact this failure mechanism. However, many researchers and lubricant specialists often overlook potential relationships between the various failure modes and the engineering solutions that are created to overcome them. The role played by lubricant additives and debris-contaminated lubricants in the failure mechanisms of bearings is just one example requiring closer consideration. Performance evaluation results of tapered roller bearings in the areas of material fatigue and wear in connection with lubricant contamination and lubricant chemistry will be discussed.
Technical Paper

A Standardized Method for Evaluating Debris Resistance of Rolling Element Bearings

1994-09-01
941787
Debris resistant bearings are being promoted by various bearing manufacturers as a solution for many contaminated lubrication environments. The baseline for such claims is often unclear for the bearing user and leaves questions as to how the information relates to specific field applications. In order to determine the benefits, if any, of these new product offerings and to assess their effectiveness, a standard method of evaluation is needed. An approach to satisfying this need is described and typical results are provided for several commercially available bearing products.
Technical Paper

Enhanced Tapered Roller Bearing Performance

1987-11-08
871211
Tapered roller bearing performance has been enhanced through significant advances in bearing design, material quality, and manufacturing technology. These advances were made possible by the development of analysis methods and testing that pinpoint specific areas for improvement. As a result, maximum bearing performance can be achieved in smaller bearing designs or increased reliability can be realised within existing bearing sizes. Automotive and industrial designers have the opportunity to improve bearing application performance while accomplishing other objectives of lower weight and lower cost.
Technical Paper

A Contact Stress Model for Predicting Rolling Contact Fatigue

1992-09-01
921720
Predicting fatigue performance in concentrated contacts under thin film (or mixed) lubrication conditions has historically involved various empirical approaches. Typically a lubrication parameter is used in an experimentally derived equation to predict the expected rolling contact performance. However, this model doesn't explain the performance improvements. Enhanced finish bearings have exhibited longer life than standard finish bearings, especially when bearings are operated with thin EHL film. In this paper, the contact surfaces of test bearings were analyzed by using a micro-macro contact model in which the macro-contact was elastic contact, and the micro-contact was elastic-plastic contact. The interior subsurface stress maps were calculated from the real contact surfaces, which included the effects of roughnesses, waviness, and profiles.
Technical Paper

A Family of Tapered Roller Bearings for Front Wheel Drive Vehicles

1981-06-01
810756
Automotive wheel and brake engineers are studying various wheel bearing concepts which lend themselves to easy installation and reduction of unsprung weight. A family of tapered roller bearing designs has been developed for both driving and non-driving wheels which offer the industry several options for marrying suspension, wheel and bearing components. While differing in configuration, all may be selected to meet established criteria for satisfactory performance based on the latest bearing analysis techniques and experience derived from extensive laboratory and field test programs.
Technical Paper

A Bearing Life Prediction Method for Utilizing Progressive Functional Surface Damage Analysis from a Debris Contaminated Lubrication Environment

1999-09-13
1999-01-2793
Many lubrication environments in various equipment applications are inherently contaminated with debris and require mechanical components that are, as much as possible, resistant to the potential detrimental effects of debris particles. Many design engineers and lubricant specialists often overlook potential relationships between the various component failure modes, lubricant debris contamination levels, and engineering solutions that are created to overcome them. In addition, design engineers are in need of an analysis tool that can combine the various amounts of cumulative bearing damage occurring over time. As an example, bearing functional surfaces in many cases are progressively damaged over the life of the equipment. A new surface analysis tool is available which allows surface damage analysis to be completed at various stages of equipment life. This new surface analysis tool is appropriately called Debris Signature Analysis(sm).
Technical Paper

Assessing and Predicting the Performance of Bearings in Debris Contaminated Lubrication Environment

1999-09-13
1999-01-2791
Many lubrication environments in various equipment applications are inherently contaminated with debris and require mechanical components that are, as much as possible, resistant to the potential detrimental effects of debris particles. Many design engineers and lubricant specialists often overlook potential relationships between the various component failure modes, lubricant debris contamination level and the engineering solutions that are created to overcome them. Various methods for evaluating the effectiveness of debris resistant bearings have been proposed for development. Some of these methods have become standard methods within each bearing manufacturer's organization. Using an experimental method, performance evaluation results of tapered roller bearings in the areas of material fatigue will be discussed. The potential performance advantages will be placed in context of understanding the performance needs in the application.
Technical Paper

Experimental and Analytical Methods for Assessing Bearing Performance Under Debris Contaminated Lubrication Conditions

2002-03-19
2002-01-1369
Debris particle contamination in lubricants has been identified as a major cause of premature bearing and gear failure, with accompanying costs in equipment downtime, warranty, and lost productivity. Various experimental and predictive methods have been developed to assist the design engineer in analysis and development of equipment that is less sensititive to such contamination. This paper provides an overview and new data comparing bearing life test results and predictive analysis methods for various tapered roller bearings operating under debris-contaminated conditions. As a baseline, some past work in these areas is briefly summarized and referenced. Recent work has refined one analytical method (using a surface characterization technique), correlated this method with bearing test lives in debris conditions, and pointed to design and manufacturing modifications in the bearings themselves, making the bearings live longer in debris-contaminated environments.
Technical Paper

Methods for Assessing the Bearing Surface Durability Performance of Lubricant Formulations

2005-10-24
2005-01-3808
Lubricant formulations and lubricant additives have been demonstrated to have a major impact on the surface durability of rolling element bearings. However, there are very few standard tests used to assess the performance aspects of lubricants as they relate to bearing surface performance. Lubricant formulations have been slanted heavily toward protecting gear concentrated contacts from galling and wear. In addition, much of the performance differentiation of lubricants has been dependent on highly accelerated, standardized laboratory tests related to gears. Methods have been developed for properly evaluating a lubricant's performance characteristics as they relate to bearings. These methods are explained and the corresponding test results are reviewed, to show their effectiveness as lubricant performance evaluation tools.
Technical Paper

The Impact of Some Gear Lubricants on the Surface Durability of Rolling Element Bearings

2006-04-03
2006-01-0357
The additive chemistry of some gear lubricants can have a major impact on the surface durability of rolling element bearings (1). Lubricant formulation has been slanted heavily toward protecting gear concentrated contacts from galling and wear. As such, much of the performance differentiation of lubricants has been dependent on highly accelerated, standardized laboratory tests related to gears. Methods have been proposed to evaluate and quantify a lubricant's performance characteristics as they relate to rolling element bearings (2). Results from several lubricant performance evaluations are presented. The implications of these findings suggest that the detrimental performance effects on rolling element bearings need further fundamental study by the lubricant industry.
X