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Standard

Force and Moment Test Method

1998-01-01
CURRENT
J1987_199801
This SAE Recommended Practice describes the determination of passenger car and light truck tire force and moment properties on a belt-type flat surface test machine. It is suitable for accurately determining five tire forces and moments in steady-state under free-rolling conditions as a function of slip angle and normal force which are incrementally changed in a given sequence.
Standard

Testing Machines for Measuring the Uniformity of Passenger Car and Light Truck Tires

1981-08-01
HISTORICAL
J332_198108
The comfort and fatigue of vehicle passengers is a major engineering consideration. Among the many factors involved are vibratory and auditory disturbances. Tires participate, among other elements of the vehicle, in exciting vibrations and noises. Furthermore, tires also may generate forces leading to lateral drift of the vehicles. This SAE Recommended Practice describes the design requirements for equipment to evaluate some of the characteristic excitations of passenger car and light truck tires which may cause disturbance in vehicles. The kinds of excitations treated result from nonuniformities in the structure of the tire and have their effect when a vehicle bearing the tire travels on a smooth road. This document also describes some broad aspects of the use of the equipment and lists precautionary measures that have arisen out of current experience. The intention underlying these recommendations is to establish a standardized measurement for use by the engineering community.
Standard

Testing Machines for Measuring the Uniformity of Passenger Car and Light Truck Tires

2002-11-01
CURRENT
J332_200211
The comfort and fatigue of vehicle passengers is a major engineering consideration. Among the many factors involved are vibratory and auditory disturbances. Tires participate, among other elements of the vehicle, in exciting vibrations and noises. Furthermore, tires also may generate forces leading to lateral drift of the vehicle. This SAE Recommended Practice describes the design requirements for equipment to evaluate some of the characteristic excitations of passenger car and light truck tires which may cause disturbance in vehicles. The kinds of excitations treated result from nonuniformities in the structure of the tire and have their effect when a vehicle bearing the tire travels on a smooth road. This document also describes some broad aspects of the use of the equipment and lists precautionary measures that have arisen out of current experience. The intention underlying these recommendations is to establish a standardized measurement for use by the engineering community.
Standard

Testing Machines for Measuring the Uniformity of Passenger Car and Light Truck Tires

1969-01-01
HISTORICAL
J332_196901
The comfort and fatigue of vehicle passengers is a major engineering consideration. Among the many factors involved are vibratory and auditory disturbances. Tires participate, among other elements of the vehicle, in exciting vibrations and noises. Furthermore, tires also may generate forces leading to lateral drift of the vehicle. This SAE Recommended Practice describes the design requirements for equipment to evaluate some of the characteristic excitations of passenger car and light truck tires which may cause disturbance in vehicles. The kinds of excitations treated result from nonuniformities in the structure of the tire and have their effect when a vehicle bearing the tire travels on a smooth road. This document also describes some broad aspects of the use of the equipment and lists precautionary measures that have arisen out of current experience. The intention underlying these recommendations is to establish a standardized measurement for use by the engineering community.
Standard

Passenger Car and Light Truck Tire Dynamic Driving Traction in Snow

2001-04-12
CURRENT
J1466_200102
This SAE Recommended Practice defines the best known techniques for evaluating dynamic passenger car and light truck tire driving traction in snow. There are many snow conditions which a typical driver will encounter that are not specifically addressed in this Recommended Practice. Dynamic driving traction in this Recommended Practice is under a narrow, controlled range of conditions of temperature, snow compaction and depth (commonly called the 'Test Window') to minimize test variability. Tire rankings may differ on other types of snow and ice conditions.
Standard

Passenger Car and Light Truck Tire Dynamic Driving Traction in Snow

1985-10-01
HISTORICAL
J1466_198510
This SAE Recommended Practice defines the best known techniques for evaluating dynamic passenger car and light truck tire driving traction in snow. There are many snow conditions which a typical driver will encounter that are not specifically addressed in this Recommended Practice. Dynamic driving traction in this Recommended Practice is under a narrow, controlled range of conditions of temperature, snow compaction and depth (commonly called the 'Test Window') to minimize test variability. Tire rankings may differ on other types of snow and ice conditions.
Standard

Passenger and Light Truck Tire Traction Device Profile Determination and Classification

2000-09-12
CURRENT
J1232_200009
The purpose of this SAE Recommended Practice is to set up a guide as to body, frame, and wheelhouse clearances required to accommodate tire traction devices (e.g., tire chains), and to provide a means of classifying these devices according to their maximum profile. In addition, it enables the vehicle manufacturer to specify the proper traction devices for each vehicle. This report is intended to apply to passenger cars and light trucks up to 4535 kg (10 001 lb) GVW. This document is not to be construed as approving traction device operation at conditions exceeding manufacturer's specifications, although short periods of such operations may be required for test purposes.
Standard

Measurement of Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tire Rolling Resistance

1984-06-01
HISTORICAL
J1270_198406
Basic Methods--The force, torque, and power methods of measurement are all in common use and should yield the same test results. Effects of steering, traction, surface texture, and non-steady-state tire operations are excluded from the recommended practice because they are still in the research stage. Force Method--The chief advantage of the force method is that the only parasitic losses in the measurement are tire spindle bearing losses and aerodynamic losses associated with rotation of the tire and its wheel. The main disadvantage of this method is that the spindle force measured can contain a severe error caused by load misalignment and load-spindle force interaction ("crosstalk"). Elimination or compensation of these effects is necessary. A minor disadvantage is that the loaded radius of the tire must be measured in order to convert spindle force to rolling resistance.
Standard

Measurement of Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tire Rolling Resistance

2000-09-12
HISTORICAL
J1270_200009
Basic Methods--The force, torque, and power methods of measurement are all in common use and should yield the same test results. Effects of steering, traction, surface texture, and non-steady-state tire operations are excluded from the recommended practice because they are still in the research stage. Force Method--The chief advantage of the force method is that the only parasitic losses in the measurement are tire spindle bearing losses and aerodynamic losses associated with rotation of the tire and its wheel. The main disadvantage of this method is that the spindle force measured can contain a severe error caused by load misalignment and load-spindle force interaction ("crosstalk"). Elimination or compensation of these effects is necessary. A minor disadvantage is that the loaded radius of the tire must be measured in order to convert spindle force to rolling resistance.
Standard

Measurement of Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tire Rolling Resistance

1985-11-01
HISTORICAL
J1270_198511
Basic Methods--The force, torque, and power methods of measurement are all in common use and should yield the same test results. Effects of steering, traction, surface texture, and non-steady-state tire operations are excluded from the recommended practice because they are still in the research stage. Force Method--The chief advantage of the force method is that the only parasitic losses in the measurement are tire spindle bearing losses and aerodynamic losses associated with rotation of the tire and its wheel. The main disadvantage of this method is that the spindle force measured can contain a severe error caused by load misalignment and load-spindle force interaction ("crosstalk"). Elimination or compensation of these effects is necessary. A minor disadvantage is that the loaded radius of the tire must be measured in order to convert spindle force to rolling resistance.
Standard

Stepwise Coastdown Methodology for Measuring Tire Rolling Resistance

2017-07-26
CURRENT
J2452_201707
This SAE Recommended Practice is applicable to pneumatic Passenger Car “P” Type, Light Truck Metric, and Light Truck High Flotation tires, or similar tires approved by bodies other than Tire & Rim Association. The methodology is applicable within normal operating ranges of vertical load and inflation pressure, and for velocities between 115 km/h and 15 km/h (71 mph and 9 mph) during a relatively short duration event such as a coastdown. This procedure is applicable only to operation in the free-rolling mode at zero slip and camber angle for ambient temperatures between 20 °C and 28 °C (68 °F and 82 °F) and for surfaces with diameters of 1.2 m (48 in) diameter or greater. Details regarding the equipment, tires, and test methods used specifically for validation of this document are included in Appendix A. Two basic measurement methods covered by this document are as follows:
Standard

Stepwise Coastdown Methodology for Measuring Tire Rolling Resistance

1999-06-01
HISTORICAL
J2452_199906
This SAE Recommended Practice is applicable to pneumatic Passenger Car “P” Type, Light Truck Metric, and Light Truck High Flotation tires, or similar tires approved by bodies other than Tire & Rim Association. The methodology is applicable within normal operating ranges of vertical load and inflation pressure, and for velocities between 115 km/h and 15 km/h (71 mph and 9 mph) during a relatively short duration event such as a coastdown. This procedure is applicable only to operation in the free-rolling mode at zero slip and camber angle for ambient temperatures between 20 °C and 28 °C (68 °F and 82 °F) and for surfaces with diameters of 1.2 m (48 in) diameter or greater. Details regarding the equipment, tires, and test methods used specifically for validation of this document are included in Appendix A. Two basic measurement methods covered by this document are as follows:
Standard

Rolling Resistance Measurement Procedure for Passenger car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tires

2000-09-12
HISTORICAL
J1269_200009
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the laboratory measurement of rolling resistance of pneumatic passenger car, light truck, and highway truck and bus tires. The procedure applies only to the steady-state operation of free-rolling tires at zero slip and inclination angles; it includes the following three basic methods: Force Method--Measures the reaction force at the tire spindle and converts it to rolling resistance. Torque Method--Measures the torque input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance. Power Method--Measures the power input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance.
Standard

Rolling Resistance Measurement Procedure for Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tires

1987-03-01
HISTORICAL
J1269_198703
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the laboratory measurement of rolling resistance of pneumatic passenger car, light truck, and highway truck and bus tires. The procedure applies only to the steady-state operation of free-rolling tires at zero slip and inclination angles; it includes the following three basic methods: Force Method--Measures the reaction force at the tire spindle and converts it to rolling resistance. Torque Method--Measures the torque input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance. Power Method--Measures the power input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance.
Standard

Rolling Resistance Measurement Procedure for Passenger Car, Light Truck, and Highway Truck and Bus Tires

1985-11-01
HISTORICAL
J1269_198511
This SAE Recommended Practice applies to the laboratory measurement of rolling resistance of pneumatic passenger car and light truck tires. The procedure applies only to the steady-state operation of free-rolling tires at zero slip and inclination angles; it includes the following three basic methods: Force Method--Measures the reaction force at the tire spindle and converts it to rolling resistance. Torque Method--Measures the torque input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance. Power Method--Measures the power input to the test machine and converts it to rolling resistance.
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