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Technical Paper

Laser Spectroscopic Investigation of Flow Fields and NO-Formation in a Realistic SI Engine

This paper presents results from a quantitative characterization of the NO distribution in a SI engine fueled with a stoichiometric iso-octane/air mixture. Different engine operating conditions were investigated and accurate results on NO concentrations were obtained from essentially the whole cylinder for crank angle ranges from ignition to the mid expansion stroke. The technique used to measure the two-dimensional NO concentration distributions was laser induced fluorescence utilizing a KrF excimer laser to excite the NO A-X (0,2) bandhead. Results were achieved with high temporal and spatial resolution. The accuracy of the measurements was estimated to be 30% for absolute concentration values and 20% for relative values. Images of NO distributions could also be used to evaluate the flame development. Both the mean and the variance of a combustion progress variable could be deduced.
Technical Paper

Experimental Investigations of Flow and Temperature Fields in an SI Engine and Comparison with Numerical Analysis

Two-dimensional cycle-resolved burnt gas temperatures were measured using two line atomic fluorescence (TLAF) in a single cylinder spark ignition car engine. Mapping of the in-cylinder flow was done under the same operating conditions using Particle Imaging Velocimetry (PIV). Experimental data for temperature and flow was compared to results from numerical simulations.
Technical Paper

Simulation of Soot Formation Under Diesel Engine Conditions Using a Detailed Kinetic Soot Model

Numerical simulations of diesel engine combustion and emission formation have been performed using a detailed soot model. Operating conditions typical for modern truck-size engines have been investigated, and calculated results show encouraging agreement with experimental data for soot in engine exhaust gas. Predictions of details in the soot formation process compare well with detailed experimental data from the literature. The modelling of the soot/flow-field interaction is based on a flamelet approach. Source terms of the soot volume fraction are taken from a flamelet library using a presumed probability density function and integrating over mixture fraction space. In order to save computer storage and CPU time, the flamelet library of sources was constructed using a multi-parameter fitting procedure resulting in simple algebraic equations and a proper set of parameters.