Tracer Fuel Injection Studies on Exhaust Port Hydrocarbon Oxidation: Part II
Recently, studies were conducted on a single cylinder, four stroke engine to investigate the effect of temperature and local mixedness on exhaust port hydrocarbon oxidation. To examine the effect of temperature, hydrocarbon tracers (propane, propene, 1-butene, n-butane, and n-pentane) were individually injected into the exhaust port just behind the exhaust valve for operating conditions that provided different exhaust port temperatures. For the local mixedness experiments, tracer mixtures (propane + n-butane, 1-butene + n-butane, propene + n-butane) were injected into the exhaust port just behind either a normal exhaust valve or a shrouded exhaust valve. The concentration of tracers and their reaction products were measured using gas chromatography of samples withdrawn from the exhaust stream. The tracer consumption behavior with changing port temperature confirmed that there is a minimum port temperature for hydrocarbon oxidation.