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Technical Paper

Automation of Adams/Car K&C Correlation using MATLAB

2014-04-01
2014-01-0847
Physical rig testing of a vehicle is often undertaken to obtain experimental data that can be used to ensure a mathematical model is an accurate representation of the vehicle under study. Kinematics and Compliance (K&C) testing is often used for this purpose. The relationship between the hard point locations and compliance parameters, and K&C characteristics of a suspension system is complex, and so automating the process to correlate the model to the test data can make the exercise easier, faster and more accurate than hand tuning the model. In this work, such a process is developed. First, the model parameters are adjusted, next a simulation is run, before the results are read and post processed. This automation processed is used in conjunction with an optimization procedure to carry out the K&C correlation.
Technical Paper

Parameter Identification of a Quasi-Dimensional Spark-Ignition Engine Combustion Model

2014-04-01
2014-01-0385
Parameter identification of a math-based spark-ignition engine model is studied in this paper. Differential-algebraic equations governing the dynamic behavior of the engine combustion model are derived using a quasi-dimensional modelling scheme. The model is developed based on the two-zone combustion theory with turbulent flame propagation through the combustion chamber [1]. The system of equations includes physics-based equations combined with the semi-empirical Wiebe function. The GT-Power engine simulator software [2], a powerful tool for design and development of engines, is used to extract the reference data for the engine parameter identification. The models is GT-Power are calibrated and validated with experimental results; thus, acquired data from the software can be a reliable reference for engine validation purposes.
Technical Paper

A Review of Automated Design Synthesis Approaches for Virtual Development of Ground Vehicle Suspensions

2007-04-16
2007-01-0856
This paper outlines the state-of-the-art of approaches for automated design synthesis of ground vehicle suspensions. Conventionally, design synthesis of suspensions has been based on trial and error approaches, where designers iteratively change the values of design variables and reanalyze until acceptable performance criteria are achieved. This is time-consuming and tedious. With stringent requirements for vehicles, design synthesis undergoes fundamental changes. This puts much attention on the potentials of an automated process. This process is based on the following techniques: effective modelling and simulation methods, realistic formulation approaches, and appropriately selected optimization algorithms. These techniques are reviewed and an automated design synthesis methodology is briefly introduced.
Journal Article

Development of an Advanced Fuzzy Active Steering Controller and a Novel Method to Tune the Fuzzy Controller

2013-04-08
2013-01-0688
A two-passenger, all-wheel-drive urban electric vehicle (AUTO21EV) with four direct-drive in-wheel motors has been designed and developed at the University of Waterloo. An advanced genetic-fuzzy active steering controller is developed based on this vehicle platform. The rule base of the fuzzy controller is developed from expert knowledge, and a multi-criteria genetic algorithm is used to optimize the parameters of the fuzzy active steering controller. To evaluate the performance of this controller, a computational model of the AUTO21EV is driven through several standard test maneuvers using an advanced path-following driver model. As the final step in the evaluation process, the genetic-fuzzy active steering controller is implemented in a hardware- and operator-in-the-loop driving simulator to confirm its performance and effectiveness.
Journal Article

Integrated Stability Control System for Electric Vehicles with In-wheel Motors using Soft Computing Techniques

2009-04-20
2009-01-0435
An electric vehicle model has been developed with four direct-drive in-wheel motors. A high-level vehicle stability controller is proposed, which uses the principles of fuzzy logic to determine the corrective yaw moment required to minimize the vehicle sideslip and yaw rate errors. A genetic algorithm has been used to optimize the parameters of the fuzzy controller. The performance of the controller is evaluated as the vehicle is driven through a double-lane-change maneuver. Preliminary results indicate that the proposed control system has the ability to improve the performance of the vehicle considerably.
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