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Technical Paper

Modular Parallel Kinematics Intelligent Assembly Automation

In all modern automated assembly it is essential to be able to accommodate all kind of processes like surface detection, drilling, countersinking, orbital drilling, cleaning, sealing, and assembly, without having to develop special equipment for each and every application, and it is also important that an automated system can be adapted to various shapes and materials on large parts, such as wings and fuselages, as well as smaller parts like flaps and doors. Historically this type of assembly has always required large, heavy-duty, expensive machines designed and built with (and for) high accuracy over the entire work envelope and consequentially such large machines been generally very complex and normally financially and physically impossible to build with more than one spindle/assembly tool.
Technical Paper

Exechon Parallel Kinematics, Simplified Machining and Assembly

The endeavor for low cost machining and assembly equipment within aerospace manufacturing has driven the industry to adapt articulated arm robots to perform machining and assembly work that are traditionally performed by machine tools and/or special designed machines.
Technical Paper

Adaptive In-Jig High Load Exechon Machining Technology & Assembly

The high requirements for complete machining and assembly in jigs, replacing traditional pre-machining of individual components prior to assembly, is boosting the development of new machining technologies, such as flexible and mobile machining equipment and new tools and processes. Tomorrows airplanes are designed around large subcomponents with vast tolerances, that is impossible to pre-machine prior to assembly, but has to be machined in the assembly jigs, using adaptive machines with the capability to drill up to 1,5 inches diameter and 8 inches deep holes in titanium in one shot, without deforming the component being drilled. The machines and processes must also have the capability to circular interpolate holes from ¼ inch up to 2,5 inches in stack material, consisting of titanium, aluminium and carbon fiber, maintaining tolerances of H7 without delamination and/or deformation of the components.
Technical Paper

True Mobile/Portable Drilling and Machining, a Paradigm Shift in Manufacturing

The evolving Aerospace manufacturing environment has created challenges that until now are not achievable with standard machine tools, large monumental gantry style machines and robots, or even manually operations. The solution is a lightweight, mobile/portable, and modular PKM (Parallel Kinematics Machine) solution, capable of machining to high tolerances, with minimal time and effort to relocate to a different area, at an affordable price With the carbon fiber PKM module mounted on a mobile platform, the module can simply be relocated using a standard pallet mover or forklift, to all areas in a factory. The module can also be removed from the mobile platform by two people, and mounted in a desired location and in any orientation “in hours”. The modularity of the PKM does not only make it possible to move it around in different production areas, but also makes it possible to reconstruct in an area that is not typically accessible by machines or robots.
Technical Paper

Advanced Automated Milling, Drilling and Fastening Utilizing Parallel Kinematic Machines

The improvements in Parallel Kinematic Machines (PKM) coupled with new innovative technologies, allow for Advanced Automated Milling, Drilling and Fastening in the Aerospace industry. Providing economical alternatives to processes that currently utilize highly customized machine tools, sacrificing flexibility and dynamics, or complex robotic cells sacrificing system capabilities with the rigidity and accuracy limitations of serial robots. The latest in PKM technology eliminates the ball joints that were mandatory in all previous PKM machines, as well as the heavy platforms or structures supporting the actuators. This allows for the strength and rigidity common to machine tools, but with the flexibility and high dynamics associated with standard serial robots. The new use of Auto-Calibration and cross lasers allow for highly accurate positioning, adaptation to a material surface, edge, datum, hole, etc. or to reference the machine to the adjacent work zone.