Structure Analysis and Cost Estimation of Hybrid Electric Passenger Vehicle and the Application in China Case
Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is regarded as an important technology in solving the energy and environment crisis. In this paper, the HEV technology applied in passenger cars by major automotive OEMs such as Toyota, Honda, GM, Ford, Volkswagen, BMW are investigated. The configuration diagrams for each OEM are presented. Based on the architecture analysis, a classification is done according to similar structures and performances. Furthermore, a cost estimation methodology for HEV is presented based on the preliminary tear-down research done by Environment Protection Agency (EPA). Meanwhile, the logarithmic relationship between fuel consumption (FC) reduction and degree of hybridization (DOH) is discovered by investigating 30 different hybrid cars. Combining the cost estimation and relation between FC&DOH, the hybridization cost for cars to meet the FC regulations can be calculated.