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Technical Paper

Multi Objective Optimization of Vehicle Crashworthiness Based on Combined Surrogate Models

Several surrogate models such as response surface model and radial basis function and Kriging models are developed to speed the optimization design of vehicle body and improve the vehicle crashworthiness. The error analysis is used to investigate the accuracy of different surrogate models. Furthermore, the Kriging model is used to fit the model of B-pillar acceleration and foot well intrusion. The response surface model is used to fit the model of the entire vehicle mass. These models are further used to calculate the acceleration response in B-pillar, foot well intrusion and vehicle mass instead of the finite element model in the optimization design of vehicle crashworthiness. A multi-objective optimization problem is formulated in order to improve vehicle safety performance and keep its light weight. The particle swarm method is used to solve the proposed multi-objective optimization problem.
Technical Paper

A Maximum Incompatibility Constrained Collaborative Optimization Method for Vehicle Weight Reduction

Collaborative optimization is an important design tool in complex vehicle system engineering. However, there are many problems yet to be resolved when applying the conventional collaborative optimization method in vehicle body weight reduction, such as convergence difficulties and low optimization efficiency. To solve these problems, a maximum incompatibility constrained collaborative optimization method is proposed in the paper. First, the 1-norm equality constraints expression of the system level is used to replace the traditional 2-norm inequality constraints. Then, a maximum incompatibility is selected from modified inequality constraints to improve optimization efficiency. Finally, an overall compatibility constraint is introduced to decrease the influence caused by the initial point. A mathematical example is used to verify the effectiveness and stability of the proposed method.
Technical Paper

The Design Optimization of Interior Noise in Vehicle Based on Response Surface Method

The design optimization of vehicle body structure is addressed to reduce interior noise and improve customer satisfaction in this paper. The structural-acoustic model is established and the response of sound pressure in frequency domain is obtained by using finite element method. The minimization of sound pressure near the driver's right ear depends on the geometry of vehicle body structure and the layout of damping treatments. The panel participation analysis is performed to find out the key panels as design variables and improve the efficiency of optimization computation. Response Surface Method (RSM) is utilized to optimize the vibro-acoustic properties of vehicle body structure instead of complex structural-acoustic coupling finite element model. Geometric optimization problem of panels is described and solved to minimize the interior noise in vehicle.
Technical Paper

Data Mining Based Feasible Domain Recognition for Automotive Structural Optimization

Computer modeling and simulation have significantly facilitated the efficiency of product design and development in modern engineering, especially in the automotive industry. For the design and optimization of car models, optimization algorithms usually work better if the initial searching points are within or close to a feasible domain. Therefore, finding a feasible design domain in advance is beneficial. A data mining technique, Iterative Dichotomizer 3 (ID3), is exploited in this paper to identify sets of reduced feasible design domains from the original design space. Within the reduced feasible domains, optimal designs can be efficiently obtained while releasing computational burden in iterations. A mathematical example is used to illustrate the proposed method. Then an industrial application about automotive structural optimization is employed to demonstrate the proposed methodology. The results show the proposed method’s potential in practical engineering.
Technical Paper

The Design Optimization of Vehicle Interior Noise through Structural Modification and Constrained Layer Damping Treatment

The design optimization of vehicle body structure is addressed to reduce interior noise and improve customer satisfaction in this paper. The structural-acoustic model is developed by using finite element method. The frequency response of structural-acoustic system is computed by modal analysis method. The optimization problem is constructed to minimize the sound pressure level in the right ear of the driver. The sensitivity analysis is carried out to find the key panels to be optimized as design variables and improve the efficiency of optimization computation. Response Surface Method (RSM) is utilized to develop the surrogate model and optimize the vehicle Noise Vehicle and Harshness (NVH) behavior. A 9dB reduction of sound pressure level (SPL) in the right era of the driver is obtained through geometric optimization for panels. Furthermore, the topology optimization model is developed to search the optimal layout of constrained layer damping treatments in the front floor.
Journal Article

An Enhanced Input Uncertainty Representation Method for Response Surface Models in Automotive Weight Reduction Applications

Vehicle weight reduction has become one of the viable solutions to ever-growing energy and environmental crisis. In vehicle design, response surface model (RSM) is commonly used as a surrogate of the high fidelity Finite Element (FE) model to reduce the computational time and improve the efficiency of design process. However, RSM introduces additional sources of uncertainty, such as model bias, which largely affects the reliability and robustness of the prediction results. The bias of RSM need to be addressed before the model is ready for extrapolation and design optimization. For the purpose of constructing and correcting the bias in RSMs, scheduling Design of Experiments (DOEs) must be conducted properly. This paper develops a method to arrange DOEs in order to build RSMs with high quality, considering the influence of input uncertainty.
Technical Paper

Hierarchical Vehicle Active Collision Avoidance Based on Potential Field Method

In this paper, a closed loop path planning and tracking control approach of collision avoidance for autonomous vehicle is proposed. The two-level model predictive control(MPC) is proposed for the path planning and tracking. The upper-level MPC is designed based on the simple vehicle kinematic model to calculate the collision-free trajectory and the potential field method is adopted to evaluate the collision risk and generate the cost function of the optimization problem. The lower-level MPC is the trajectory-tracking controller based on the vehicle dynamics model that calculates the desired control inputs. Finally the control inputs are distributed to steering wheel angle and motor torque via optimal control vectoring algorithm. Test cases are established on the Simulink/Carsim platform to evaluate the performance of the controller.