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Technical Paper

Study of Formable High Strength Steel Sheets for Automotive Panels

1992-02-01
920247
Weight reduction of automobiles is one of the most highlighted subjects in automobile industry from the energy saving and clean environment points of view. A typical approach for the purpose is to use high strength steel sheets as well as optimizing designs and using low density materials. It is not, however, easy to apply high strength steel sheets to automotive panels because of their strict requirement for the shape-fixability although a high dent resistance is also required. Besides the use of bake hardening steels, two different high strength steel sheets, which are a continuously annealed extra-low carbon titanium-added IF steel and a low carbon TRIP steel which contains about six volume% of austenite, were assessed for the application to automotive panels in combination with a tension-controled press-forming technique and showed as good shape-fixability as a conventional box-annealed aluminum-killed DDQ steel sheet when high blank-holding-forces were applied.
Technical Paper

Effect of Pre-Deformation and Baking on High-Speed Deformation Behavior of Steels

2003-10-27
2003-01-2765
There has been a big demand for increased vehicle safety and weight reduction. An extensive use of high strength steels is one of the ways to answer the requirement. Increase in strength of steels due to pre-deformation and baking is one of the effective methods to increase the dynamic flow stress, which corresponds to the energy absorption property of steels at high-speed deformations. The effect of pre-deformation and baking on the strain rate dependence of the flow stress was found to be governed mainly by the amount of bake hardenability of steels.
Technical Paper

Effect of microstructure on fatigue properties of hot-rolled sheet steels

2003-10-27
2003-01-2880
The influence of tensile strength on fatigue strength and the effect of microstructure on fatigue notch factor were investigated into conventional mild steels, HSLA steels, DP steels and TRIP steels. The grade of studied steels was altered from 440MPa to 780MPa. Not only smooth fatigue specimens with side surface ground but also fatigue specimens with a pierced hole were prepared for each of steel sheets. Fatigue tests were conducted in an axial load method. These experiments made it clear that the fatigue limits of smooth specimen increase along the tensile strength approximately independent of microstructure but those of notched specimen do not necessarily increase along the tensile strength. Namely, fatigue limits of DP steels and TRIP steels with notch increase in proportion to tensile strength although those of HSLA steels with notch do not increase.
Technical Paper

Crashworthiness Improvement of the Side Crash by the Work Hardening Effect of Pre-Strained High Strength Steel

2001-10-16
2001-01-3112
In order to examine the compatibility of improvement of crashworthiness with weight saving of automobiles by using high strength steel, a combination analysis of Finite Element Method and Dynamic Mechanical Properties has been established. Material properties used in this analysis have been measured by “one bar method” high velocity tensile tests, which can examine the deformation behavior of materials at a bend crush speed range (∼55km/h). It was confirmed that the strength of steel measured by one bar method was raised remarkably after press and hydro forming of high strength steels. It was also confirmed by FEM analysis and load drop test that absorbed energy of bend crush was improved by pre-strain effect. Further, we proved that absorbed energy of bend crush was also improved by appropriate design of thickness and the ratio of bend span and plate length. These effects are applicable to respective high strength steels.
Technical Paper

Evaluation of Hydrogen Embrittlement Susceptibility for Sheet Steels

2005-04-11
2005-01-0497
Hydrogen embrittlement property of high strength steels has widely been evaluated for wire and bolt products. But there are not many evaluation methods of hydrogen embrittlement for steel sheets. In this work, a method for sheet products has been established. Using this method, effects of materials (tensile strength), applied stress and pre-strain on hydrogen embrittlement property can reasonably be evaluated for high strength steel sheets. Environmental embrittlement evaluation in cyclic corrosion test was also carried out for comparison with the results from the new method, which were in good agreement.
Technical Paper

Effect of Strengthening Mechanism on Fatigue Properties of Hot-Rolled Sheet Steels

2002-03-04
2002-01-0042
The influence of tensile strength on fatigue strength and the effect of strengthening mechanism on fatigue notch factor were investigated into conventional mild steels, HSLA steels, DP steels and TRIP steels. The grade of studied steels was altered from 440MPa to 780MPa. Not only smooth fatigue specimens with side surface ground and smooth fatigue specimens with laser-cut side surface but also fatigue specimens with a pierced hole were prepared for each of steel sheets. Fatigue tests were conducted in an axial load method. These experiments made it clear that the fatigue limits of smooth specimen increase along the tensile strength approximately independent of strengthening mechanism but those of notched specimen do not necessarily increase along the tensile strength. Namely, fatigue limits of DP steels and TRIP steels with notch increase in proportion to tensile strength although those of HSLA steels with notch do not increase.
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